Najeriya

Yan'tacciyar Kasa a Yammacin Afirka
(an turo daga Nijeriya)

Najeriya (/naˈdʒɪəriyə/) ko Nijeriya (/niˈdʒɪəriyə/) da (turanci: Nigeria), A gwamnatance Tarayyar Najeriya, ƙasa ce da ke a Afirka ta Yamma, tana da iyaka da ƙasar, Nijar daga Arewa, Chadi daga Arewa maso gabas, Kamaru daga gabas, da Benin daga yamma, sai daga kudanci kuma ta na gaɓar Tekun, Guinea na tekun Atlantika. Jamhuriyar tarayyar Najeriya, ta ƙunshi jihohi guda 36, tare da babban birnin tarayya Abuja inda fadar shugaban ƙasar take a can.

Globe icon.svgNajeriya
Nijeriya (ha)
Naigeria (ig)
Nàìjíríà (yo)
Tutar Najeriya Tambarin Najeriya
Tutar Najeriya Tambarin Najeriya
Citygateabj.jpg

Take Tashi Ya Yan Kasa

Kirari «Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress»
«Единство и вяра, мир и прогрес»
«Good people, great nation»
«Undod a Ffydd, Heddwch a Chynnydd»
Suna saboda Nijar
Wuri
Nigeria (orthographic projection).svg
 9°N 8°E / 9°N 8°E / 9; 8

Babban birni Abuja
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 211,400,708 (2021)
• Yawan mutane 228.85 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Turanci
Yarbanci
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Afirka ta Yamma
Yawan fili 923,768 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Tekun Atalanta
Wuri mafi tsayi Chappal Waddi (en) Fassara (2,419 m)
Wuri mafi ƙasa Lagos Island (−0.2 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Taraiyar Najeriya
Ƙirƙira 1 Oktoba 1963
Tsarin Siyasa
Tsarin gwamnati Jamhuriyar Tarayya
Majalisar zartarwa Majalisun Najeriya
Gangar majalisa Majalisar Taraiyar Najeriya
• Shugaban ƙasar Najeriya Muhammadu Buhari (29 Mayu 2015)
Ikonomi
Kuɗi Naira
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Suna ta yanar gizo .ng (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +234
Lambar taimakon gaggawa *#06# da 199 (en) Fassara
Lambar ƙasa NG


Abuja tana ɗaya daga cikin manyan birane a duniya.[1]

Shopping District

Najeriya ta kasance gida da dama ga ƴan asalin turawa masu mulkin mallaka, jihohin da suka mallaka tunda (BC), tare da Nok Wayewa ta kasance itace karo na farko da turawan mulkin mallaka suka fara mallakewa a yammacin africa a cikin ƙarni na 15 A zamani jihar ansamo asali da Birtaniya a cikin ƙarni na 19, yana ɗaukar yanayin na yanzu tare da haɗe yankin kudancin Najeriya da kuma Kare Arewacin Najeriya a cikin shekara ta 1914 ta Lord Lugard. Ingilishi ya kafa tsarin gudanarwa da na doka yayin aiwatar da mulkin kai tsaye ta hanyar shugabannin gargajiya.[2] Najeriya ta zama ƙasar tarayyar da ke da ƴanci kai tsaye a ranar 1 ga Oktoba, 1960. Ta fuskanci yaƙin basasa daga shekara ta 1967 zuwa shekara ta 1970, sannan a biyo bayan zaɓaɓɓun gwamnatocin farar hula da mulkin kama-karya na soja, har sai an sami tabbatacciyar dimokuradiyya a shekara ta 1999; zaɓen shugaban ƙasa na shekara ta 2015, shi ne karo na farko da shugaban ƙasa mai ci ya faɗi zaɓensa. [3]

Najeriya ƙasa ce mai yawan Al’umma da ke zaune, sama da ƙabilu guda 250, waɗanda ke magana da yarurruka daban daban guda 500, dukkansu suna ɗauke da al'adu iri daban daban. [4][5] [6] Manyan ƙabilun guda uku sune Hausa – Fulani a Arewa, Yarbawa a yamma, da kuma Igbo a gabas, waɗanda suka haɗa da kashi 60% na yawan mutanen. [7] Yaren hukuma shine Ingilishi, wanda aka zaɓa don sauƙaƙe haɗin harshe a matakin ƙasa. [8] Tsarin mulkin Nijeriya ya tabbatar da ƴancin yin addini ; [9] kuma ƙasa ce dake ɗauke da Al’ummar musulmai da Kirista, a lokaci guda. [10] Najeriya ta kasu kashi biyu tsakanin musulmai, waɗanda galibi ke zaune a arewacin ƙasar, da kuma kiristoci, waɗanda galibi ke zaune a kudancin ƙasar, tare da ƴan tsirarun da ke yin addinin asali, kamar waɗanda ke cikin ƙabilar Igbo da Yarbawa.[11]

Najeriya ita ce ƙasa mafi yawan mutane a Afirka, kuma ƙasa ta bakwai mafi yawan mutane a Duniya, tare da kimanin mutane miliyan 206 . Tattalin arziƙinta shine mafi girma a Afirka, kuma shine na 26 mafi girma a duniya ta hanyar GDP maras faɗi, kuma na 25 mafi girma daga PPP . Najeriya galibi ana kiranta da "Giant of Africa", saboda yawan jama'a da tattalin arziƙinta, [12] kuma Bankin Duniya yana ɗaukarta a matsayin kasuwa mai tasowa. Ƙaramar yanki ce a cikin Afirka, matsakaiciyar ƙarfi a cikin al'amuran ƙasa da ƙasa, sannan kuma tana ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashe mafi yawan Al’umma a duniya . Koyaya, ƙasar tana ƙasa sosai a cikin jerin ƙasashen duniya, kuma har yanzu tana ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashe masu rashawa a duniya. [13] [14] Najeriya mamba ce ta kafuwar Tarayyar Afirka kuma mamba ce a ƙungiyoyin ƙasa da ƙasa da dama, waɗanda suka haɗa da Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya, ƙungiyar ƙasashe, ECOWAS, da OPEC . Su ne kuma memba na yau da kullum Mint ƙungiyar ƙasashen, kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin goma sha tattalin arziƙi.

ƘirƙiraGyara

Sunan Nijeriya an ɗauke shi daga Kogin Neja da ya ratsa ƙasar. Wannan sunan ya samo asali ne a ranar 8 ga watan Janairun shekara ta1897, ɗan jaridar Ingila Flora Shaw, wanda daga baya ya auri Lord Lugard, mai kula da mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya . Nijar da ke maƙwabtaka da ita sun samo sunan daga wannan kogin. Asalin sunan Nijar, wanda asali ana amfani da shi ne kawai zuwa tsakiyar Kogin Neja, ba tabbas. Wataƙila kalmar ta canza sunan Tuareg egerew n-iger ewen da mazauna ke amfani da shi a tsakiyar kogin da ke kusa da Timbuktu kafin mulkin mallaka na Turai na ƙarni na 19. [15] [16]

 
Babban Birnin Tarayyar Najeriya fadar Shugaban Kasa

TarihiGyara

 
Babban bankin Nigeria

Tarihi ya nuna cewar Nijeriya daɗaɗɗar ƙasa ce, kuma tarihi yanuna kasar nanan tun a shekara ta 500 kafin haihuwar Yesu Almasihu wato Annabi Isah (A.S), a wannan lokaci suka samata Ƙkasar Hausa, addinin musulunci ya shiga Kasar Hausa ne tun karni na goma sha uku miladiya, akarshen karni na goma sha daya zuwa tsakiyar karni na goma sha hudu miladiya, kanim barno suka mamaye Kasar Hausa, kuma fulani sun mamaye kasar Hausa a farkon karni na goma sha tara miladiya har zuwan turawan mulkin malaka suka mamaye Lagos a shekara ta 1881 miladiya, ana cikin Yakin duniya I na farko sai turawan mulkin mallaka suka karo sojojin ruwa saboda suna tsoran jamusawa da ke kamaru kada sumamaye Nijeriya, amma mulkin Nijeriya na farko a hannun turawan Purtgal. A shekara ta 1885 sai turawan Birtaniya suka mamaye duk fadin Nijeria har zuwa 01 ga oktoba 1960 Nijeriya ta samu 'yancin kanta daga turawan Biritaniya.

AddiniGyara

  •  
    Babban Masallacin Kasa dake Abuja
    Addinin Musulunci 60%
  •  
    Babbar Mujama,ar Kasa dake Abuja
    Addinin Kristanci 35%
  • sauran kashin 5% basuda kowane irin Addini

Tsarin MulkiGyara

 
Muhammadu Buhari Shugaban Najeriya na yanzu

A shekara ta 1966 zuwa shekara ta 1979 sojoji ne ke ikon kasar, a shekara ta 1979 akayi tsari wanda yabawa talaka ikon zaben gwamna. A shekara ta 1983 sojoji suka rushe wannan tsarin da juyin mulki har zuwa shekara ta 1998 bayan rasuwar Sani Abacha, sai aka maido da tsarin mulki na dimokaradiya akabawa talakawa ikon zaben shugaban da suke so, a shekara ta 1999 aka yi zabe a kasa Obasanjo ya lashe zabe yazama shugaban kasa na farko wanda talaka suka zaba yahau karo na biyu har zuwa shekara ta 2007, a wannan shekara aka yi zabe, Umaru Yar'Adua ya lashe shine shugaban kasa a 2011. Dukkan su sun fito daga kungiya dayane (PDP). hukuncin nasu shima duk taure ne dan saboda da karfin iko sukaci zabe

JihohiGyara

Adadi Sunan Jiha Birnin Tarayya Gwamna
  1. Abia
  2. Adamawa
  3. Anambra
  4. Akwa Ibom
  5. Bauchi
  6. Bayelsa
  7. Benue
  8. Borno
  9. Cross River
  10. Delta
  11. Enugu
  12. Edo
  13. Ebonyi
  14. Ekiti
  15. Filato
  16. Gombe
  17. Imo
  18. Jigawa
  19. Kano
  20. Katsina
  21. Kaduna
  22. Kebbi
  23. Kogi
  24. Kwara
  25. Lagos
  26. Neja
  27. Nasarawa
  28. Ogun
  29. Osun
  30. Oyo
  31. Ondo
  32. Rivers
  33. Sokoto
  34. Taraba
  35. Yobe
  36. Zamfara
 
Hoton Taswirar Jihohin Najeriya 36 har da Babban Birnin Tarayyar Abuja

Babban birnin tarayya Abuja

YarikaGyara

Manyan yarika a Najeriya sune guda uku, Hausa, Yarbanci da inyamuranci, yaran fulani ma yana daya daga cikin manyan yare a Najeriya.

HausaGyara

EboGyara

YorobaGyara

Yarabawa sun kasance na biyu a wanda suka fi kowa yawa a cikin kasar Najeriya, suna zaune a garuruwa irin su, Legas, Ondo, Oyo, Osun, Kwara da kuma Kogi.

ArzikiGyara

WasanniGyara

Fannin tsaroGyara

Kimiya da FasahaGyara

SifiriGyara

Sifirin Jirgin SamaGyara

Sifirin Jirgin KasaGyara

Al'aduGyara

MutaneGyara

 
Matasa sanye da kayan Fulani a lokacin biki a Arewacin Najeriya

YarukaGyara

AbinciGyara

TufafiGyara

IlimiGyara

AddinaiGyara

MusulunciGyara

KiristanciGyara

HotunaGyara

MnazartaGyara

  1. Muhammadu Buhari
  2. Achebe, Nwando, 1970-. The female king of colonial Nigeria : Ahebi Ugbabe. Bloomington. ISBN 978-0-253-00507-6. OCLC 707092916.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. "Buhari wins historic election landslide". Reuters (in Turanci). 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
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  15. The Arabic name nahr al-anhur is a direct translation of the Tuareg.
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