Afirka ta Yamma ko Yammacin Afirka ita ce yammacin nahiyar Afirka. Majalisan Dinkin Duniya sun bayyana Yammacin Afirka a matsayin ƙasashe Goma sha shida 16, sune Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Gana, Gini, Guinea-Bissau, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Mali, Muritaniya, Nijar, Najeriya, Senegal, Sierra Leone da kuma Togo, haka kuma harda wasu tsuburi.[1] Yawan ƴan Yammacin Afirka sun kai kimanin, Mutane 381,981,000 a ƙidayar shekara ta 2017, Mata sun kai kimanin 189,672,000, Maza kuma 192,309,000.[2] Shekarunta da yaɗuwarta da kuma bambance-bambance a duk faɗin Nahiyar ta sa ainihin ma'anarta a cikin Afirka,[3] [4] [5] [6] [7] san nan kuma akwai yaruka masu yawa awanan kasashen ta Afrika tayamma.

Afirka ta Yamma


Wuri
Map
 12°N 3°E / 12°N 3°E / 12; 3
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Afirka
Sun raba iyaka da

Ƙasashen yammacin Afrika gyara sashe

Ƙasashe kimanin guda goma sha bakwai 17 ne kamar haka:

 
Taswirar kasashen Afrika ta yamma;

* Benin * Burkina Faso * Cape Verde * Côte d'Ivoire * The Gambia

* Ghana * Gini * Guinea-Bissau * Liberia * Mali

* Nijer * Nigeria * Senegal * Sierra Leone * Togo

Hotuna gyara sashe

Manyan biranen kasashen yammacin Afrika gyara sashe

Karin wasu fitattun hotuna na biranen yammacin Afrika.

Manazarta gyara sashe

  1. Paul R. Masson, Catherine Anne Pattillo, "Monetary union in West Africa (ECOWAS): is it desirable and how could it be achieved?" (Introduction). International Monetary Fund, 2001. 08033994793.ABA
  2. Soares, Pedro; Luca Ermini; Noel Thomson; Maru Mormina; Teresa Rito; Arne Röhl; Antonio Salas; Stephen Oppenheimer; Vincent Macaulay; Martin B. Richards (4 June 2009). "Correcting for Purifying Selection: An Improved Human Mitochondrial Molecular Clock". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 84 (6): 82–93. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.05.001. PMC 2694979. PMID 19500773. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
  3. Salas, Antonio et al., The Making of the African mtDNA Landscape, American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 71, no. 5 (2002), pp. 1082–1111.
  4. Atlas of the Human Journey: Haplogroup L2 Archived 6 Oktoba 2011 at the Wayback Machine The Genographic Project, National Geographic.
  5. Shrine, Daniel; Rotimi, Charles (2018). "Whole-Genome-Sequence-Based Haplotypes Reveal Single Origin of the Sickle Allele during the Holocene Wet Phase". American Journal of Human Genetics. Am J Hum Genet. 102 (4): 547–556. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.02.003. PMC 5985360. PMID 29526279.
  6. Trombetta, Beniamino (2015). "Phylogeographic Refinement and Large Scale Genotyping of Human Y Chromosome Haplogroup E Provide New Insights into the Dispersal of Early Pastoralists in the African Continent". Genome Biology and Evolution. Genome Biol Evol. 7 (7): 1940–1950. doi:10.1093/gbe/evv118. PMC 4524485. PMID 26108492.
  7. Sims, Lynn; Garvey, Dennis; Ballantyne, Jack (2007). "Sub-Populations Within the Major European and African Derived Haplogroups R1b3 and E3a Are Differentiated by Previously Phylogenetically Undefined Y-SNPs". Human Mutation. 28 (1): 97. doi:10.1002/humu.9469. PMID 17154278.

/ref>