Hausawa
Hausa harpist.jpg
ƙabila
yaren haihuwaHausa Gyara

Hausawa dai al'umma ce dake zaune a arewa maso yammacin tarayyar Nijeriya da kudu maso yammacin jamhuriyyar Nijar. Al'umma ce mai dimbin yawa, sun bazu a cikin kasashen Afirka da kasashen Larabawa kuma a al'adance masu matukar hazaka, akalla akwai sama da mutane miliyan hamsin wadanda harshen Hausa shi ne asalin yarensu. A tarihi kabilar Hausawa na tattare a salasalar birane. Hausawa dai sun sami kafa daularsu ne tun daga shekarun 1300's, sa'adda suka sami nasarori da dauloli kamar su daular Mali, Songhai, Borno da kuma Fulani.

Bahaushe tun a shekarar 1900
Yan matan Hausawa, sun kasance kyawawa da kuma tarbiyya
Tallan wasu daga cikin kayan hausa Fulani na ci

A farko-farkon shekaru na 1900's, a sa'adda kabilar Hausa ke yunkurin kawar da mulkin Aringizo na Fulani, sai Turawan Mulkin Mallaka na Birtaniya suka mamaye arewancin Nijeriya, da kuma kafa manufofin mulkin bayan gida, a bisa karkashen mulkin Birtaniya,'yan mulkin mallaka sai suka marawa Fulani baya na cigaba da manufofin Aringizon siyasarsu, har yanzu dai mulkin gamin gambiza tsakanin Hausawa da Fulani shi ne yayi kane-kane a arewacin Nijeriya.

Kodayake, Hausawa na farko-farko maharba ne, amma da zuwan Addinin Musulunci da kuma karbarsa da hannu bibbiyu ya sanya labari ya sha bambam.

Ginshikokin al'adun Hausawa na da mutukar jarunta, kwarewa da sanayya fiye da sauran al'ummar dake kewayenta.

Daura Kasace wacce a kasani mai dadewa da tarihi a kasar Hausawa.

Sana'ar noma ita ce babbar sana'ar Hausawa, sabo da ingancin noma; Hausawa ke wa sana'ar noma kirari da cewa, "na duke tsohon ciniki kowa ya zo duniya kai ya tarar", akwai kuma wasu sana'o'in kamar su sha'anin jima watau harkar fatu, rini, sa'a da kira, fannonin dake mutukar samun cigaba a harkokin sana'o'in Hausawa. Hausawa dai sun jima da shahara wajen harkar fatauci kana kuma masu arziki na taka rawa a sha'anin yau da kullum, tare da masu mulki da masana.

Harshen Hausa shi ne mafi girma da kuma mafi sanayyar harshe a nahiyar Afirka, harshen hausa ya aro wasu kalmomi daga wasu harsuna musamman Larabci kana kuma harshen na tafiya tare da yanayin mu na zamani bisa al'adar cudeni-in cudeka. Harshen Hausa dai ya zama harshen yau da kullum ga miliyoyin jama'a da ba Hausawa bane a nahiyar Afirka.

Bugu da kari, akwai cincirindon al'ummar Hausawa a manyan biranen yammacin Afirka da arewacin Afirka da kuma yankunan cinikayyar al'ummar Hausawa da kuma yankunan da Hausawa suka jima suna bi a hanyar ta zuwa aikin Hajji. Akwai kuma rubutattun adabi masu zurfi da kasidodi da kuma rubuce-rubuce a rubutun ajami da aka buga tun kafin zuwan Turawa 'yan mulkin mallaka na Birtaniya. Har ila yau, kuma wani tsarin rubutu a ajami da aka kirkiro tun kafin zuwan Turawa, da ba kasafai ake amfani da shi ba yanzu.

Kasashen da Hausawa suka yaduGyara

 
Kofar fadar sarkin Zazzau dake Zariya'
 
Ginin hausawa kenan a lokacin baya

Hausawa sun yadu a kasashe da yawa a cikin Afirka da kasashen Larabawa sune wadannan :-

Ire-Iren 'Yaren HausaGyara

'Yaren Hausa yana da ire-ire da yawa gabashin Hausa su ne :-

Gabashin HausaGyara

Yammacin HausaGyara

Arewacin HausaGyara

  • Arewa
  • Arawa

Hausa ajami wanda suka fita daga kasashen Hausa suka shiga kasashen Larabawa shekaru aru-aru harma sun isa kasashen Turai kuma sunada sarkin Hausawan Turai nafarko wato Sarki Sirajo Jan Kado:-

 
Sarkin Hausawan Turai nafarko Sirajo Jan Kado

Al'adaGyara

Hausawa suna da al'adu daban daban, kaman hawan sallah, hawan daba, bikin kamin kifi a Argungun, kalankuwa da wasanni irin su dambe dadai sauransu.

TufafiGyara

AbinciGyara

Hausawa suna da abinci kala daban daban daga cikin su akwai; Tuwo, Shinkafa, Kosai, Fanke, Waina, Dan wake, Fate dadai sauransu.

 
kayan hada fate
 
waina
 
tuwo miyar kuka

AddiniGyara

Yawancin Hausawa musulmai ne, wanda yawan su yakai kashi 90 cikin 100 na duka yawan Hausawan duniya, akwai kiristoci da kuma maguzawa, amman basu kai kashi 15 ba cikin 100 na yawan Hausawa ba.

Shahararrun HausawaGyara

AnazarciGyara