Senegal ƙasa ce, wacce ta ke a yammacin Afirka.[1] Senegal ta hada boda da Mauritaniya daga arewa, Mali daga gabas, Guinea daga kudu maso Arewacin ƙasar, sai kuma Guinea Bissau daga kudu-maso arewacin ƙasar. Ƙasar ta hada gaɓar teku da ƙasar Cape Verde. Ƙasar Senegal na da hanyoyin sama da na ruwa kuma ana kiran garin da 'mashigin Afrika' saboda garin na gefen gabar tekun North Atlantic ocean. [1][2][3] Birnin Dakar shi ne babban birnin Senegal kuma ƙasar ta sama yancin kanta daga hannun Faransa a shekarar 1960.[4]. Kasar Senegal tana cikin kungiyoyi na ECOWAS, African Union (AU) da sauran su.

Senegal
Senegaal (wo)
Flag of Senegal (en) Coat of arms of Senegal (en)
Flag of Senegal (en) Fassara Coat of arms of Senegal (en) Fassara


Take Le Lion rouge (en) Fassara

Kirari «Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi»
«One People, One Goal, One Faith»
«Един народ, една цел, една вяра»
«Un pueblo, un objetivo, una fe»
«ߡߌ߬ߙߌ߲߬ߘߌ߬ ߞߋߟߋ߲߫ ߸ ߟߊ߬ߢߌߣߌ߲߫ ߞߋߟߋ߲߫ ߸ ߘߍ߲߬ߞߣߍ߬ߦߊ߬ ߞߋߟߋ߲߫»
«Un poble, un objectiu, una fe»
«Un bobl, un nod, un ffydd»
Suna saboda Kogin Senegal
Wuri
Map
 14°22′00″N 14°17′00″W / 14.36667°N 14.28333°W / 14.36667; -14.28333

Babban birni Dakar
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 16,876,720 (2021)
• Yawan mutane 85.79 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Faransanci
Yare
Badyara (en) Fassara
Yarukan Balanta
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Afirka ta Yamma
Yawan fili 196,722 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Tekun Atalanta
Wuri mafi tsayi Népin Cliff (en) Fassara (531 m)
Wuri mafi ƙasa Tekun Atalanta (0 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi French West Africa (en) Fassara, Mali Federation (en) Fassara da French Community (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 1960
Tsarin Siyasa
Gangar majalisa National Assembly (en) Fassara
• Shugaban kasar senegal Macky Sall (en) Fassara (ga Afirilu, 2012)
• Shugaban kasar senegal Macky Sall (en) Fassara (14 Mayu 2019)
Ikonomi
Nominal GDP (en) Fassara 27,569,136,728 $ (2021)
Kuɗi CFA franc Yammacin Afirka
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Suna ta yanar gizo .sn (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +221
Lambar taimakon gaggawa 17 (en) Fassara da 18 (en) Fassara
Lambar ƙasa SN
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo gouv.sn
Macky Sall shugaba na yanzu

Tarihi gyara sashe

Yankin Senegal a yau ya kuma kasance sashe daga cikin sashen tsohuwar garin Ghana da masarautar Djobouti kuma ya kasance muhimmin cibiyar kasuwanci na trans-sahara route.[4] Turawa suka fara mulkan ƙasan wanda Ingila ta fara, sai Faransa sai Portugal, sai kuma ƙasar Nadalands, daga baya Ƙasar faransa ta amsa mulkin a karshen karni na sha tara (19). Ƙasar Senegal ta kasance ƙarƙashin mulkin Faransa har zuwa shekara ta 1960, lokacinda suka samu 'yanci a sa'linda marubuci, mahikayanci, Leopoldo Seghor ke mulki. Ƙasar ta samu 'yanci a matsayin yankin ƙasar Mali kafin ta samu cikakken 'yanci.

 
Wasu wajen tarihi na Senegal

Mulki gyara sashe

Ƙasar Senegal tana da tsarin mulki na "Semi-Presidential System". Wanda kuma shugaban ƙasa ke kula da harkokin siyasan ƙasa tare da taimakon prime minista wanda shugaban ƙasa ke zaba.[5] Ƙasar Senegal na bin tsarin mulkin Faransa, da shari'ar musuluncin ƙasar Senegal.

Arziƙi gyara sashe

Ƙasar Senegal kaman sauran kasashen Afrika na karanchin ci-gaba musamman a harkokin kasuwanci na zamani da masana'antu musamman na sarrafe-sarrafe da ƙere-ƙere na zamani. Tattalin arzikin ƙasar Senegal ya hada da:

i. Ma'adanun ƙasa: sun hada da ma'adanu da ake haqowa daga ƙarƙashin ƙasa. Ƙasar senegal suna da arziki kamar na kifi, gyada, phosphate, karfen ore, gwala-gwalai da kuma titanium.[6]

ii. Noma da Kiwo: wannan ya ƙunshi harkokin noma da kiwo don samar da abinci ga ƙasa da kuma ƙasashen ƙetare don samar da kuɗin shiga. Kayan noma da ƙasar Senegal ke samarwa sun hada da; gyaɗa, gero, masara, dawa, shinkafa, audiga, tumatir, kayan ganye, shanaye, kaji, aladu da kifaye.[5]

iii. Harkokin Kasuwanci (Shiga da Fitar hajoji)

Harkokin shiga da fitar hajoji wato (import & export) a ƙasar sun hada da; kayan abinci, man-fetur, auduga da sauransu. Kayan da Senegal ke fitar wa sun hada da gyada, kifi, phosphates da sauransu. Kayan da suke shigar wa sun hada da; kayan abinci, lemunan sha, man-fetur da kayan amfanin yau da kullum.

Abokan huldar kasuwancinsu sun hada da ƙasar Mali wanda ke da kaso 12.8% na adadin kasuwancin, Ƙasar Swizaland 9.7%, india 5.9%, kot d buwa 5.1%, Birnin Sin (China) 5.1%, UAE (Qatar) 4.1, Faransa 4.1% (a 2015). Wannan su ne ƙasashen da Senegal ke kaiwa haja.[5]

har zuwa yau ƙasan na shigo da kaya daga Faransa 17.9%, Chena 10%, Nijeriya 8.7%, Indiya 5.6%, Ƙasar Spaniya 4.9%, Nadalands 4.5% (2015).

v. Masarrafu/Masana'antu

ƙasar senegal tana da masana'antu na sarrafa kayan noma da kifi, sarrafa hakakken phosphate,

Hada taki, tace man-fetur

 
Wasanni Senegal

.

Wasanni gyara sashe

 
Daga daga cikin fitattun mutanen Senegal Sadio Mane dan kwallon kafa

Fannin tsaro gyara sashe

Kimiya da Fasaha gyara sashe

Sifiri gyara sashe

Sifirin Jirgin Sama gyara sashe

Sifirin Jirgin Ƙasa gyara sashe

Al'adu gyara sashe

Mutane gyara sashe

Ƙidaya da akayi na shekara ta 2016 ya nuna cewa akwai adadin mutane miliyan 14.8 a Senegal.[5]Sun ƙaru a shekara ta 2020 zuwa kimanin 16,515,000 wanda an kintata cewa zuwa shekara ta 2030 zasu kai adadin mutum 19,909,000. Akasarin tsawon rayuwa na maza yana kaiwa shekaru 65.8yrs, mata kuma sukan kai shekaru 68.1.[4]Mafi yawanci 'yan Senegal suna yaren Wolof ne.

Yaruka gyara sashe

Ƙasar Senegal kaman sauran ƙasashen afrika tana da yaruka daban daban, amma mahimmin yare na gama gari shine Faransanci, sauran suka

hada da; yaren Wolof wanda suke da kaso 43% na mutanen ƙasan, Pular (wato Fulani da Peulh) da Tokulawa 23%, Sera 15%, Diyola (Jola) 3.7%, Mandingo (Madinka)3%, Soninke 1.1%, da kuma sauran yaruka wanda ke da kaso 19%.[5][6]

Abinci gyara sashe

Tufafi gyara sashe

Jihohi gyara sashe

  1. Dakar
  2. Diourbel
  3. Fatick
  4. Kaffrine
  5. Kaolack
  6. Kédougou
  7. Kolda
  8. Matam
  9. Saint-Lious
  10. Séidhou
  11. Tambacounda
  12. Thiès
  13. Ziguinchor
  14. Louga[7]

Ilimi gyara sashe

Akwai manyan Malamai a ƙasar Senegal irinsu Sheikh Ibrahim Niass.

Addinai gyara sashe

Senegal kaman kowace ƙasa tana da mutane masu addinai daban-daban kaman haka; musulunci wanda suka fi kowa yawa a kasan, kiristanci da addinan gargajiya.[5]

Musulunci gyara sashe

Mafi akasarin mutanen Senegal musulmai ne wanda suka kwashe kashi 95% na mutanen ƙasar.[5] suna da Shahararren malamai kaman irin Shehu Ibrahim inyass khalifan Shehu Ahmadu Tijjani radiyallahu ta'ala anhu.

Kiristanci gyara sashe

Mabiya addinin kiristanci na da karancin mabiya a Senegal wanda suka kwashe kaso 4% na mutanen kasan.

Addinan Gargajiya

Mabiya addinan gargajiya kadan ne a ƙasar senegal wanda suka kwashe karamin kashi 1% na mutanen ƙasar.

Hotuna gyara sashe

 
Taswirar Senegal

Manazarta gyara sashe

  1. 1.0 1.1 https://www.britannica.com/place/Senegal
  2. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14093813
  3. https://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1309/Senegal-HISTORY-BACKGROUND.html
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Senegal | Culture, History, & People". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 nationsonline.org, klaus kästle-. "Senegal - Country Profile - Nations Online Project". www.nationsonline.org. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Senegal | Facts, History & News". www.infoplease.com. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  7. https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/senegal-administrative-map.htm


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