Musulmi mutum ne dake bi, wato mabiyin dokar musulunci, addinin kaɗaita Allah.Musulmai suna amfani da alƙur,''ani wanda ya zo ta hanyar manzon Allah (SAW) a matsayin littafi mai tsarki.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] Musulmai suna da garin da suke zuwa domin yin ibada ta hajji da umra.Wanda yaje yayi aikin hajji ana kiran shi da "Alhaji" ko "Hajiya" idan mace ce. Musulmai ( Larabci: المسلمون‎ , al-Muslimūn, transl. "Masu mika wuya [ga Allah ]" ) [11] mutane ne da suka yi riko da Musulunci, addinin tauhidi da ke cikin addinin annabi Ibrahim . Suna ɗaukan Alƙur'ani, tushen nassin addini na Islama, a matsayin kalmar Allah (ko Allah ) a zahiri kamar yadda aka saukar wa Muhammadu, babban annabin Musulunci . [12] Yawancin Musulmai kuma suna bin koyarwa da ayyukan Muhammad ( sunnah ) kamar yadda aka rubuta a cikin ( hadisi ).[13] Tare da kiyasin yawan jama'a na kusan mabiya biliyan 2 kamar yadda 1 ga Janairu 2023 kiyasin shekara, Musulmai sun ƙunshi fiye da kashi 25% na yawan al'ummar duniya. [14] A cikin tsari mai saukowa, adadin mutanen da suka bayyana a matsayin musulmi a kowace nahiya suna tsaye a: 45% na Afirka, 25% na Asiya da Oceania (a dunkule), [15] 6% na Turai, [16] da 1 % na Amurka . [17] [18] [19] [20] Bugu da ƙari, a cikin yankuna masu rarrafe, adadi yana tsaye a: 91% na Gabas ta Tsakiya – Arewacin Afirka, [21] [22] [23] 90% na Asiya ta Tsakiya, [24] [25] [26] 65% na Caucasus, [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] 42% na kudu maso gabashin Asiya, [33] [34] 32% na Kudancin Asiya, [35] [36] da 42% na sub Saharar Afirka . [37] [38]

Wikidata.svgMusulmi
religious group (en) Fassara
Old Muslim man 1 in India.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na religious adherent (en) Fassara da theist (en) Fassara
Addini Musulunci
Nada jerin list of Muslims (en) Fassara
Manifestation of (en) Fassara Musulunci
Hannun riga da Kafirai
Yadda ake kira namiji мусульманин, муслиман, musulman da Juulɗo
shugabannin addinin musulunci a wani taro a Manzil, 1892
Kadi Shaykh Muhammad Ismail Hadji
karatun Ayatul kursiyyu bakin Shaykh Sudais
Dr Monazir Hassan da Shaykh Sudais

Duk da yake akwai makarantu da rassa na Islama da yawa, ƙungiyoyin biyu mafi girma sune Islaman Sunni (75-90% na dukkan musulmi) [39] da Shi'a Islam (10-20% na dukkan musulmi). [40] Bisa ƙididdige ƙididdiga, Kudancin Asiya ne ke da kaso mafi girma (31%) na al'ummar Musulmi na duniya, musamman a cikin ƙasashe uku: Pakistan, Indiya, da Bangladesh . [41] [42] Ta ƙasa, Indonesiya ita ce mafi girma a duniyar musulmi, tana da kusan kashi 12% na dukkan musulmin duniya; [43] a wajen kasashen musulmi, Indiya da China su ne gida mafi girma (11%) da na biyu mafi girma (2%) yawan al'ummar musulmi, bi da bi. [44] [45] [46] Saboda karuwar al'ummar musulmi, Musulunci shine addini mafi girma a duniya. [47] [48] [49]

Asalin kalmaGyara

Kalmar Muslim ( Larabci: مسلم‎ shi ne mahallin aiki na wannan fi'ili wanda musulunci shine kalmar fi'ili, dangane da SLM na triliteral "don zama cikakke". [50] [51] Mace mace ita kuma musulma ce ( Larabci: مسلمة‎ ) (kuma an fassara shi da "Muslimah" [52] ). Jam'i a Larabci shine muslimūn ( مسلمون ) ko Muslimin ( مسلمين ), kuma kwatankwacinsa na mata shine muslimāt ( مسلمات ).

Kalma ta yau da kullun a hausa ita ce "Musulmi". A cikin karni na 20, rubutun da aka fi so a Turanci shine "Muslim", amma yanzu wannan ya fada cikin rashin amfani. [53]  Kalmar Mosalman ( Persian , madadin Mussalman ) daidai yake da musulmi da ake amfani da su a Tsakiya da Kudancin Asiya . A cikin Ingilishi wani lokaci ana rubuta shi Mussulman kuma ya zama tsoho a cikin amfani. Har zuwa aƙalla tsakiyar 1960s, yawancin marubutan Ingilishi sun yi amfani da kalmar Mohammedans ko Mahometans . [54] Ko da yake ba lallai ba ne a yi nufin irin waɗannan sharuɗɗan da za a yi amfani da su ba, Musulmai suna jayayya cewa sharuɗɗan ba su da kyau domin ana zargin cewa Musulmai suna bauta wa Muhammadu maimakon Allah. [55] Sauran sharuddan da aka daina amfani da su sun haɗa da musulmi [56] da musulmi . [57] A Turai ta Tsakiya, an fi kiran Musulmai Saracens .

DemographicsGyara

 
A map of Muslim populations by numbers, (Pew Research Center, 2009)
 
As of Year 2010 Alternate wording (2010)

ManazartaGyara

  1. "People of the Book". Islam: Empire of Faith. PBS. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  2. See:
    • Accad (2003): According to Ibn Taymiyya, although only some Muslims accept the textual veracity of the entire Bible, most Muslims will grant the veracity of most of it.
    • Esposito (1998), pp.6,12
    • Esposito (2002b), pp.4–5
    • F. E. Peters (2003), p.9
    • F. Buhl; A. T. Welch. "Muhammad". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online.
    • Hava Lazarus-Yafeh. "Tahrif". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online.
  3. Hooker, Richard (14 July 1999). "arkan ad-din the five pillars of religion". United States: Washington State University. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  4. "Religions". The World Factbook. United States: Central Intelligence Agency. 2010. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  5. "Muslim" Archived 20 ga Faburairu, 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary: /ˈmʌzlɪm/, /ˈmʊzlɪm/, /ˈmʊslɪm/; moslem Archived 15 Mayu 2011 at the Wayback Machine /ˈmɒzləm/, /ˈmɒsləm/
  6. "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 9 August 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  7. See:
  8. From Sunni Islam: See:
  9. See:
    • Breach of Faith. Human Rights Watch. June 2005. p. 8. Retrieved 29 March 2014. Estimates of around 20 million would be appropriate
    • Larry DeVries; Don Baker & Dan Overmyer. Asian Religions in British Columbia. University of Columbia Press. ISBN 978-0-7748-1662-5. Retrieved 29 March 2014. The community currently numbers around 15 million spread around the world Cite uses deprecated parameter |last-author-amp= (help)
    • Juan Eduardo Campo. Encyclopedia of Islam. p. 24. ISBN 0-8160-5454-1. Retrieved 29 March 2014. The total size of the Ahmadiyya community in 2001 was estimated to be more than 10 million
    • "Ahmadiyya Muslims". pbs.org. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
    • A figure of 10–20 million represents approximately 1% of the Muslim population.See also Ahmadiyya by country.
  10. "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
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  23. "Middle East-North Africa Overview". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project (in Turanci). 2009-10-07. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
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  30. "Armenia Population". countrymeters.info. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
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  39. Empty citation (help)Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2013. Of the total Muslim population, 10–13% are Shia Muslims and 87–90% are Sunni Muslims.
  40. (Report). Missing or empty |title= (help)
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  42. Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "How South Asia Will Save Global Islam". The Diplomat (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
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  47. "Main Factors Driving Population Growth". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project (in Turanci). 2015-04-02. Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  48. Burke, Daniel (4 April 2015). "The world's fastest-growing religion is ..." CNN. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
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  50. Burns & Ralph, World Civilizations, 5th ed., p. 371.
  51. Entry for šlm, p. 2067, Appendix B: Semitic Roots, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed., Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, 08033994793.ABA.
  52. Muslimah Error in Webarchive template: Empty url..
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  54. See for instance the second edition of A Dictionary of Modern English Usage by H. W. Fowler, revised by Ernest Gowers (Oxford, 1965).
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