Ebonyi

Jiha ce a Najeriya
Jihar Ebonyi
Sunan barkwancin jiha: Gishirin Al'ummar.
Wuri
Wurin Jihar Ebonyi cikin Nijeriya.
Ƙidaya
Harsuna Igbo, Turanci
Gwamna David Umahi (PDP)
An kirkiro ta 1996
Baban birnin jiha Abakaliki
Iyaka 5,533km²
Mutunci
2006 (ƙidayar yawan jama'a)

2,176,947
ISO 3166-2 NG-EB

Jihar Ebonyi ( harshen Igbo: Ȯra Ebony) Jiha ce dake a Kudu maso Gabashin Najeriya, ta hada iyaka daga arewa da Jihar Benue, Cross River daga gabas da kuma kudu maso gabas, sai kuma Jihar Abiya daga kudu maso yamma. An saka mata suna bayan Kogin Abonyi (Aboine) wanda mafi akasarin Kogin na yankin kudancin Jihar - an kuma ƙirƙiri Jihar Ebonyi daga sassan jihohin Abiya da Enugu a shekarar 1996 sannan babban birninta na Abakaliki.

cikin ebonyi
Mutanen ebonyi a bubukuwan al'ada
Birnin ebonyi

Jihar Ebonyi na daga cikin mafi kankanta a girma daga cikin jihohin Najeriya da fili mai faɗin kilomita murabba’i 5,533. Ebonyi ita ce jiha ta 33 uku a girman kasa kuma ta 29 a yawan mutane a cikin jihohin Najeriya, tare da kiyasin aƙalla mutum miliyan 2.9 a shekara ta 2016.[1] Ta fuskar yanayin kasa, jihar ta kasu zuwa gida biyu, dazukan Cross–Niger transition forests daga can ƙuryar kudancin jihar, sai kuma busasshen daji nau'in Guinean forest–savanna mosaic a sauran sassan jihar. Sauran muhimman Wurare sun hada da Kogin Cross River da rassan ta.

Bayan samun 'yancin Najeriya a 1960, yankin jihar Ebonyi ta yau, na daga cikin Yankin Gabashin Najeriya kafin zuwa shekara ta 1967 lokacin da aka raba yankin kuma jihar ta fada karkashin Jihar Gabas ta Tsakiya, ƙasa da wata ni biyu bayan hakan, Yankin ta Gabas tayi yinkurin balle wa wanda haƙan ya jawo Yakin basasa a Najeriya har na tsawon shekaru uku, tare da Ebonyi a matsayi jiha na Tarayyar Biyafara. Bayan yakin ya kare, an mayar da Ebonyi karkashin Jihar Gabas ta Tsakiya har zuwa shekarar 1976 lokacin da aka raba Jihar ta Tsakiya, arewacinta ta zamo Jihar Anambra a yayinda Kudancin ta ta zamo Jihar Imo. Shekaru goma sha biyar bayan yin haƙan, an sake raba yankunan Jihohin Anambra da Imo, inda yankin gabashin jihohin biyu suka zamo Jihar Enugu da Jihar Abiya. Sai a shekarar 1996 ne aka sake yanke sashin gabashin Enugu da na arewa maso gashin Imo sannan aka hade su suka samar da Jihar Ebonyi.[2]

Jihar Ebonyi ta fuskar tattalin arziki ta ta'allaka ne akan noma, musamman na doya, shinkafa, manja, da shukan rogo. Akwai aikin haƙo ma'adanai kadan a dalilin samu war ma'adanai kamar Lead, Zinc, Limestone a yankin Abakalilki da kuma kwando da ake hada wa na Ntezi.[3] Ebonyi itace ta shirin acikin Jerin Jihohi Najeriya dangane da Ma'aunin Cigaban Jama'a hadu da makarantu na gaba da sakandare da dama.[4]

Yanayin KasaGyara

Jihar Ebonyi na daya daga cikin jihohi shida da aka kirkira a 1996 a lokacin mulkin soja na shugaban kasa Gen. Sani Abacha.[5] An kirkiri jihar ne daga yankunan Enugu da Abiya, insa aka raba daidai Abakaliki daga Enugu da kuma Afikpo daga jihar Abiya. Jihar na da mazabun sanatoci guda uku, Yankin Abakaliki ta kunshi mazabun Ebonyi ta Arewa da kuma Enugu ta Tsakiya, yayinda yankunan Afikpo, Ohaozara, Onicha da Ivo suka hada masabar Ebonyi ta Kudu. Jihar Ebonyi na da kananan hukumomi goma sha uku da kuma cibiyoyin habaka kananan hukumomi da gwamnatin ta samar.[6]

Jama'aGyara

Akwai yaruka da dama da ake amfani dasu a Jihar Ebonyi wadanda suka hada da: gungun yaruka na Edda, Ehugbo (Afikpo), Ezaa, Izzi, Mgbo, da kuma Ikwo, da kuma Oshiri, Unwara, Akpoha, Okposi, Onicha; da hadaddun yarukan Igbo da harsunan Korring da ake amfani dasu a yankunan Amuda-Okpolo, Ntezi-Okpoto da kuma Effium,[7] wadanda ke kama da harshen Kukele na Cross River;[8] da kuma harshen Utokon na Jihar Benue.[9]

Tattalin arzikiGyara

Jihar Ebonyi ta kasance yanki na noma. Itace ja gaba a wajen noman shinkafa, doya, dankali, masara, wake da kuma rogo kuma tana da shahararriyar kasuwar kwando a Najeriya.[10] Anfi noma shinkafa ne a Ikwo, doya a Izzi da wasu yankuna kamar su Amasiri, Edda da Ezillo, yankunan Effium da Ezzamgo sunyi fice a noman rogo, da kuma hada kwanduna a garin Ntezi.[10]

Jihar Ebonyi tana da arzikin ma'adanai kamar Lead, man fetur da gas, amma kuma manyan ma'aikatun haƙo ma'adanai kadan ne a jihar. Duk da haka Gwamnatin jihar ta bada tallafi ga manoma don samar da albarkaci noma mai yawa amma har yanzu ingancin kadan ne.[11] Ana yi wa Ebonyi kirari da "gishirin kasa" (the salt of the nation) saboda albarka dimbin gishiri dake tafkunan gishiri na Okposi da Uburu Salt Lakes. Akwai kuma wuraren ziyara kamar su Abakaliki Green Lake, Uburu Salt Lake, Unwana ada kuma gabar Ikwo Beaches.[12]

GwamnatiGyara

A shekarar 1999 ne aka zabi Sam Ominyi Egwu a matsayin gwamna na farar hula na farko a Jihar Ebonyi a karkashin jam'iyyar PDP. Martin Elechi Ne ya gaje shi bayan ya lashe zaben shekara ta 2007 kuma ya sake komawa matsayin sa a shekara ta 2011 duka a karkashin jam'iyyar PDP. Dave Umahi na ya gaji kujerar gwamna Martin Elechi, bayan ya lashe zaben a watan March 2015 kuma ya sake komawa kujerarsa shima bayan ya sake lashe zabe a watan March, 2019.[13]

 
Kasuwanci a ebonyi
 
Ebonyi

Kananan HukumomiGyara

Jihar Ebonyi nada adadin Kananan hukumomi guda goma sha uku (13). Wadanda Sune:

HarsunaGyara

Akwai muhimman yaruka goma na daga harsunan Igbo a Jihar Ebonyi.[14]

LGA Languages
Abakaliki Izzi
Afikpo
Afikpo ta Kudu Afikpo
Ebonyi Izii
Ezza ta Arewa Ezza
Ezza ta Kudu Ezza
Ikwo Ikwo,
Ishielu Ezza, Igbo-esa
Ivo Ishiagu
Izzi Izii
Ohaukwu Orring, Ezza, Mgbolizhia
Ohaozara Ohaozara
Onicha Ohaozara

IlimiGyara

Jerin sunayen makarantun gaba da sakandsun had da:

Shahararrun mutaneGyara

Template:Main

ManazartaGyara

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