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Sufiyya, Suffanci, ko Taṣawwuf[1] (larabci|الْتَّصَوُّف; sunan mabiyi: larabci|صُوفِيّ}} ṣūfiyy / ṣūfī, ko مُتَصَوِّف mutaṣawwif), ana mata ma'ana amatsayin "Siddabarun Musulunci",[2][3][4][5][6] Wanda ya tattaru akan... [Musamman] values, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions"[7] which began very early in Islamic history[5][8][9] masu bin Suffanci su akekira da "Sufaye" ko "Sufi" : larabci|صُوفِيَّة ṣūfiyyah; ko صُوفِيُّون}} ṣūfiyyūn; da مُتَصَوُّفََة mutaṣawwifah; مُتَصَوُّفُون mutaṣawwifūn).[5]

Ana ganin suffanci ne aka fara samu acikin nau'ukan karkasuwan addinin musulunci[10]

A tarihi akwai sufaye da dama acikin dariku daban-daban, ko "Umurni" – Wanda wani babban shehi he jagoranta da ake kira ca wali wanda kebin irin koyarwar magabatansa harzuwa g Manzon Allah Muhammad SAW.[11] kuma sufaye kan taru dan (majalisi) ko wuraren taron da akekira da zawiya, khanqah ko tekke. Suna kokarin yin ihsani (inganta ibadah), kamar yadda hadisi ya nuna: "Ihsani shine ka bauta wa Allah kamar kana ganinsa; inbaka ganinsa, tabbas Yana ganinka."[12] Sufaye naganin Manzon Allah (Muhammad) amatsayin al-Insān al-Kāmil, wato wani dan'adam da bailafi mai tattare da dabi'u daga Ubangiji, kuma shine abin koyi Shugaba na asali.

NassoshiGyara

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named qamar
  2. Martin Lings, What is Sufism? (Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2005; first imp. 1983, second imp. 1999), p.15
  3. Titus Burckhardt, Art of Islam: Language and Meaning (Bloomington: World Wisdom, 2009), p. 223
  4. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, The Essential Seyyed Hossein Nasr, ed. William C. Chittick (Bloomington: World Wisdom, 2007), p. 74
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Massington, L., Radtke, B., Chittick, W. C., Jong, F. de, Lewisohn, L., Zarcone, Th., Ernst, C, Aubin, Françoise and J.O. Hunwick, “Taṣawwuf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
  6. Martin Lings, What is Sufism? (Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2005; first imp. 1983, second imp. 1999), p.12: "Mystics on the other hand-and Sufism is a kind of mysticism-are by definition concerned above all with 'the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven'".
  7. Knysh, Alexander D., “Ṣūfism and the Qurʾān”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC.
  8. Compare: Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2007). Chittick, William C., ed. The Essential Seyyed Hossein Nasr. The perennial philosophy series. Bloomington, Indiana: World Wisdom, Inc. p. 74. ISBN 9781933316383. "Sufism is the esoteric or inward dimension of Islam [...] Islamic esoterism is, however [...] not exhausted by Sufism [...] but the main manifestation and the most important and central crystallization of Islamic esotericism is to be found in Sufism."  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  9. Shah, Idries (1964–2014). The Sufis. ISF Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 978-1784790035. "According to Idries Shah, Sufism is as old as Adam and is the essence of all religions, monotheistic or not. See Perennial philosophy" 
  10. Shah, Idries (1964–2014). The Sufis. ISF Publishing. pp. 54,59. ISBN 9781784790059. OCLC 974354388. 
  11. Editors, The (2014-02-04). "tariqa | Islam". Britannica.com. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  12. Bin Jamil Zeno, Muhammad (1996). The Pillars of Islam & Iman. Darussalam. pp. 19–. ISBN 978-9960-897-12-7.