Taiwan
中華民國 (zh-hant)
Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok (nan)
Chûng-fà Mìn-koet (hak)
taiwan (pwn)
Tiong-huâ-bîn-kok (nan-latn-tailo)
中華民國 (nan-hani)
臺灣 (zh-tw)
台灣 (nan-hani)
Tâi-oân (nan)
Flag of the Republic of China (en) Blue Sky with a White Sun (en)
Flag of the Republic of China (en) Fassara Blue Sky with a White Sun (en) Fassara


Take Zhōnghuá Mínguó guógē (en) Fassara (1928)

Kirari «no value»
Wuri
Map
 24°N 121°E / 24°N 121°E / 24; 121
Territory claimed by (en) Fassara Sin

Babban birni Taipei
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 23,593,794 (2019)
• Yawan mutane 651.89 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Standard Taiwanese Mandarin (en) Fassara
Taiwan Hakka
Taiwanese Hokkien (en) Fassara
Amis (en) Fassara
Yaren Paiwan
Kinmen dialect (en) Fassara
O-ku-uā (en) Fassara
Matsu dialect (en) Fassara
Taiwanese Sign Language (en) Fassara
Saisiyat (en) Fassara
Puyuma (en) Fassara
Atayal (en) Fassara
Tsou (en) Fassara
Bunun (en) Fassara
Rukai (en) Fassara
Truku (en) Fassara
Harshan seediq
Sakizaya (en) Fassara
Yami (en) Fassara
Kavalan (en) Fassara
Harshen Kanakanavu
Saaroa (en) Fassara
Addini Buddha, Taoism da Chinese folk religion (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na East Asia (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 36,193 km²
• Ruwa 2.8 %
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku East China Sea (en) Fassara, Taiwan Strait (en) Fassara, Bashi Channel (en) Fassara da Pacific Ocean
Wuri mafi tsayi Yushan Main Peak (en) Fassara (3,952 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Republic of China (en) Fassara da Taiwan under Japanese rule (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 1 ga Janairu, 1912
Muhimman sha'ani
Tsarin Siyasa
Tsarin gwamnati semi-presidential system (en) Fassara, Dimokaradiyya da constitutional republic (en) Fassara
Majalisar zartarwa Executive Yuan (en) Fassara
Gangar majalisa Legislative Yuan (en) Fassara
• President of the Republic of China (en) Fassara Lai Ching-te (en) Fassara (20 Mayu 2024)
• Premier of the Republic of China (en) Fassara Chen Chien-jen (en) Fassara (2023)
Majalisar shariar ƙoli Supreme Court of the Republic of China (en) Fassara
Ikonomi
Kuɗi New Taiwan dollar (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Suna ta yanar gizo .tw (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +886
Lambar taimakon gaggawa 119 (en) Fassara da 110
Lambar ƙasa TW
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo gov.tw
Taipei Taiwan
Taipei, Taiwan: Red House Theater
Miaoli-County Taiwan Quanhua-Temple-03
Kaohsiung, Taiwan: Kaohsiung Confucius Temple.

Taiwan, [upper-roman 2] [lower-alpha 1] a hukumance Jamhuriyar Sin ( ROC ), [upper-roman 1] [lower-alpha 2] ƙasa ce[1] a Gabashin Asiya, a mahaɗar Tekun Gabas da Kudancin China a arewa maso yammacin Tekun Pasifik, tare da Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin (PRC) zuwa arewa maso yamma, Japan zuwa arewa maso gabas, da Philippines a kudu. Yankunan da ROC ke sarrafawa sun ƙunshi tsibiran 168, [lower-alpha 3] tare da yanki mai 36,193 square kilometres (13,974 sq mi). Babban tsibirin Taiwan, wanda kuma aka fi sani da Formosa, yana da fadin 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), tare da tsaunin tsaunuka da ke mamaye gabas kashi biyu bisa uku da filayen fili a yamma na uku, inda yawan jama'arta ke da yawa. Babban birnin, Taipei, ta kasance tare da New Taipei City da Keelung mafi girma a yankin Taiwan. Sauran manyan biranen sun hada da Taoyuan, Taichung, Tainan, da Kaohsiung. Tare da kusan mutane miliyan 23.9, mazaunanta Taiwan tana cikin ƙasashe mafiya yawan jama'a a duniya.[2]

wasu manyan gine-gine a Taiwan kenan

An zauna a Taiwan akalla shekaru 25,000. Kakannin 'yan asalin Taiwan sun zauna a tsibirin kimanin shekaru 6,000 da suka wuce. A cikin karni na 17, manyan Sinanci na Han (musamman Hakkas da Hoklos) zuwa yammacin Taiwan ta fara a karkashin mulkin mallaka na Holland kuma ta ci gaba a karkashin Masarautar Tungning. Daular Qing ta kasar Sin ta mamaye tsibirin a shekara ta 1683 kuma ta mika shi ga daular Japan a shekara ta 1895.[3] Jamhuriyar China wadda ta hambarar da gwamnatin Qing a shekara ta 1911, ta karbi iko da yankin Taiwan a madadin kawancen yakin duniya na biyu bayan mika wuya ga kasar Japan a shekarar 1945. Sake dawo da yakin basasar kasar Sin nan take ya haifar da asarar babban yankin kasar Sin ga sojojin kwaminisanci wadanda suka kafa jamhuriyar jama'ar kasar Sin, da jirgin gwamnatin tsakiya na ROC zuwa Taiwan a shekarar 1949. Ingancin ikon ROC tun yana iyakance ga Formosa, Penghu, da ƙananan tsibiran.

A farkon shekarar 1960, Taiwan ta shiga wani lokaci na saurin bunkasuwar tattalin arziki da masana'antu da ake kira "Mu'ujizar Taiwan". A ƙarshen shekarar 1980s da farkon 1990s, ROC ta sauya sheka daga jam'iyya ɗaya a ƙarƙashin dokar yaƙi zuwa dimokuradiyya mai yawan jam'iyyu, tare da zaɓaɓɓun shugabannin ta hanyar dimokuradiyya tun a 1996. Tattalin arzikin masana'antu na Taiwan mai dogaro da kai zuwa ketare shi ne na 21 mafi girma a duniya ta hanyar GDP na musamman kuma na 19 mafi girma ta matakan PPP, tare da mai da hankali kan masana'antar karafa, injina, lantarki da sinadarai. Taiwan kasa ce mai ci gaba, tana matsayi na 20 a kan GDP na kowane mutum. Tana da daraja sosai dangane da 'yancin ɗan adam, kiwon lafiya, [4] da ci gaban ɗan adam. [lower-alpha 13]

Ɗaya daga cikin manyan ma'aikatun Taiwan na wannan ƙarnin

Matsayin siyasar Taiwan yana da rikici. ROC ba ta wakiltar kasar Sin a matsayin memba na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, bayan da mambobin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya suka kada kuri'a a 1971 don amincewa da PRC maimakon. ROC ta ci gaba da da'awar cewa ita ce kadai halaltacciyar wakiliyar kasar Sin da yankinta, ko da yake an yi watsi da hakan tun bayan samun dimokradiyya a shekarun 1990. Taiwan na da'awar PRC, wanda ya ƙi dangantakar diflomasiyya da ƙasashen da suka amince da ROC. Taiwan na kula da huldar diflomasiyya a hukumance tare da kasashe 13 cikin 193 na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da kuma Holy see, [5] ko da yake wasu da yawa suna ci gaba da huldar diflomasiyya ta hanyar ofisoshin wakilai da cibiyoyi da ke aiki a ofisoshin jakadanci da ofisoshin jakadanci. Ƙungiyoyin ƙasa da ƙasa waɗanda PRC ke shiga a ciki ko dai sun ƙi ba da izinin zama memba zuwa Taiwan ko kuma su ba ta damar shiga ba ta jiha ba a ƙarƙashin sunaye daban-daban. A cikin gida, babbar takaddamar siyasa ita ce tsakanin jam'iyyun da ke goyon bayan hadewar kasar Sin a nan gaba, da inganta matsayin kasar Sin, sabanin wadanda ke neman karbuwa a duniya a hukumance, da kuma daukaka matsayin Taiwan; a cikin karni na 21, dukkanin bangarorin biyu sun daidaita matsayinsu don fadada roko.

Manazarta

gyara sashe
 
Jaririn Anthropomorphic, wanda aka gano a Shihsanhang, yana kusa da shekaru 500 zuwa 1800.
  1. There are four contemporary geopolitical definitions of the extent of "Taiwan": Samfuri:Ordered list Note: The Senkaku Islands, which are controlled by Japan, are disputed by the PRC (People's Republic of China) and the ROC as being a part of Taiwan (they are known as "Diaoyu" or "Diaoyutai" in Mandarin Chinese). Japan administers the Senkaku Islands as a part of the Ryukyu Islands.
  2. See etymology below.
  3. According to official data from Executive Yuan and local governments of Taiwan, Taiwan Area consists of total 168 naturally occurring islands. Samfuri:Ordered list
  1. Multiple sources:
  2. "TAIWAN SNAPSHOT". Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. Economic Development R.O.C (Taiwan) (Report). National Development Council (Taiwan). p. 4. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  4. Multiple sources: Michael Kort (2005). The Handbook Of East Asia. Lerner Publishing Group. p. 7. ISBN 978-0761326724. Retrieved 26 June 2022. South Korea is another emerging economic powerhouse, as is the Republic of China (ROC), a small country that occupies the island of Taiwan in the shadow of its enormous and hostile mainland neighbor, the PRC. Fell, Dafydd (2018). Government and Politics in Taiwan. London: Routledge. p. 305. ISBN 978-1317285069. Moreover, its status as a vibrant democratic state has earned it huge international sympathy and a generally positive image. Campbell, Matthew (7 January 2020). "China's Next Crisis Brews in Taiwan's Upcoming Election". Bloomberg Businessweek. No. 4642. pp. 34–39. ISSN 0007-7135. Retrieved 24 September 2020. Much has changed in Taiwan since Chiang's day, but this liminal quality has never really gone away. By almost any functional standard, it's a sovereign country Carolan, Christopher (May 2000). "The "Republic of Taiwan": Legal-Historical Justification for a Taiwanese Declaration of Independence" (PDF). New York University Law Review. 75 (2): 429–468. Retrieved 17 March 2022. These six criteria demonstrate that under international law Taiwan merits recognition as an independent state and as such is already a de facto state. Donald S. Zagoria (30 October 2003). Breaking the China-Taiwan Impasse. ABC-CLIO. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-0-313-05755-7. OCLC 1058389524. Retrieved 20 March 2022. Taiwan possesses all of the elements of a sovereign state: a legitimate government, population, and a well-defined territory. The fact is that the People's Republic of China (PRC), while claiming sovereignty over Taiwan, has never ruled Taiwan since the PRC's establishment in 1949. Thus, Taiwan is in fact a sovereign country from our perspective. Empty citation (help)
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