Urdu ko Lashkari,(أردو ko لشکری)[2] harshe ne daga cikin manyan harsunan yankin Kudancin Asiya. Shine sharshen kasa a Pakistan dakuma Indiya Kashmir kuma harshen ne na Gwamnati a Indiya. Ana yin magana da harshen Urdu ko ina a kasar Indiya. Musammam ma a jihohin Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar da Utter Pradesh,

Urdu
اردو — اُردُو‎‎ (Urdū)
'Yan asalin magana
harshen asali: 68,619,830 (1999)
second language Translate: 94,022,900 (1999)
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Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-1 ur
ISO 639-2 urd
ISO 639-3 urd
Glottolog urdu1245[1]

TarihiGyara

Ainahin sunan Urdu yazo ne daga harshen Chagatai. Ana furta harshen Urdu kusan iri daya da harshen Indiyanci, bambanci kawai shine harshen Indiyanci ana rubutashi ne da salon rubutu na Devanagari, yayin da harshen Urdu kuma ake rebuts shi da salo iron na Farisanci da Larabci. Wannan bambanci na salon rubutu shine ya kawo samuwar manyan kabilu biyu a Indiya da Pakistan kamar yadda marubuci Ghulam Hamadani Mushafi  ya fada. Yayinda Musulmai suka kama magana da harshen Urdu sai sukuma mabiya addinin Hindu suka shiga yin amfani ha harshen Indiyanci. Wannan kuma ya kawo tsarkake harshen Urdu daga dukkan wani salon rubutu na Indiyanci kuma shima Indiyancin ya rabu da dukkan wasu haruffa na larabci da Farisanci.

Dangantaka da harshen FarisanciGyara

BambamciGyara

  Haruffan da ake amfani dasu wajen rubuta harshen Urdu an samo su ne daga haruffan harshen Farisanci, Wanda shima daga harshen Larabci ya samo su. Karin hariffan da aka samu a Urdu sune ٹ ,ڈ ,ڑ (ṫ, ḋ, ṙ). Hatuffa buying ne suka samu na furucin ه (h) da ی (y). Idan aka kara wadannan haruffan a Urdu to mutanen arewacin Indiya da na Pakistan zai masu matukar sauki.

DaidaitoGyara

Ana fara rubuta Urdu daga dama zuwa hagu hakama Farisanci. Haka kuma ana rubuta a salon Nasta'liq. Shi Nasta'liq wani salon rubutu ne wanda Mir Ali na Tabriz, (fitaccen mai zane-zane na zamanin Timurid 1402-1502) ya samar da shi.

Masu jin yaren Urdu a fadin duka duniyaGyara

Wannan teburin shine yake nuna mana manyan kasashen da ake mu'amala da harshen Urdu da kuma yawan su a kowacce kasar.

Kasa Yawan mutane Urdu a matsayin yaren haihuwa Wadanda sukaji Urdu sosai Adadi baki daya
Pakistan 207,862,518[3] 15,100,000 (7.26%)[4] 94,000,000 (45.22%) Template:Citation needed 109,100,000 (52.49%) Template:Citation needed
Indiya 1,296,834,042[5] 50,772,631 (3.91%)[6] 12,151,715 (0.94%)[6] 62,924,346 (4.85%)
Afghanistan 34,940,837[7] 1,048,225 (3.00%)[7] 1,048,225 (3.00%)
Saudiyya 33,091,113[8] 757,000 (2.29%)[9] 757,000 (2.29%)
Nepal 29,717,587[10] 691,546 (2.33%)[11] 691,546 (2.33%)
Turai 65,105,246[12] 400,000 (0.61%)[13] 400,000 (0.61%)
Amurika 329,256,465[14] 300,000 (0.09%)[15] 300,000 (0.09%)
Bangladesh 159,453,001[16] 250,000 (0.16%)[17] 250,000 (0.16%)
Kanada 35,881,659[18] 206,000 (0.57%)[19] 206,000 (0.57%)
Qatar 2,363,569[20] 173,000 (7.32%)[21] 173,000 (7.32%)
Oman 4,613,241[22] 95,000 (2.06%)[23] 95,000 (2.06%)
Iran 83,024,745[24] 88,000 (0.10%)[25] 88,000 (0.10%)
Baharain 1,442,659[26] 74,000 (5.13%)[27] 74,000 (5.13%)
Norway 5,372,191[28] 34,000 (0.63%)[29] 34,000 (0.63%)
Turkiyya 81,257,239[30] 24,000 (0.03%)[31] 24,000 (0.03%)
Jamus 80,457,737[32] 23,000 (0.03%)[33] 23,000 (0.03%)
Gabadaya 7,700,000,000[34] 68,988,177 (0.90%) 107,199,940 (1.39%) 176,188,117 (2.29%)

ManazartaGyara

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "{{{name}}}". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. Aijazuddin Ahmad (2009). Geography of the South Asian Subcontinent: A Critical Approach. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 120–. ISBN 978-81-8069-568-1. 
  3. "South Asia :: Pakistan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  4. "Urdu". Ethnologue (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  5. "South Asia :: India — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :12
  7. 7.0 7.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :22
  8. "Middle East :: Saudi Arabia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  9. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Saudi Arabia". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  10. "South Asia :: Nepal — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  11. "Nepal Census".  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  12. "Europe :: United Kingdom — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  13. "United Kingdom". Ethnologue (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  14. "North America :: United States — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  15. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in United States". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  16. "South Asia :: Bangladesh — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  17. "Urdu in Bangladesh".  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  18. "North America :: Canada — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  19. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Canada". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  20. "Middle East :: Qatar — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  21. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Qatar". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  22. "Middle East :: Oman — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  23. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Oman". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  24. "Middle East :: Iran — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  25. Project, Joshua. "Urdu, Islami in Iran". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  26. "Middle East :: Bahrain — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  27. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Bahrain". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  28. "Europe :: Norway — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  29. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Norway". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  30. "Middle East :: Turkey — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  31. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Turkey". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  32. "Europe :: Germany — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  33. Project, Joshua. "Urdu in Germany". joshuaproject.net (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  34. "World Population Clock: 7.7 Billion People (2019) – Worldometers". www.worldometers.info (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)