Wanda aka tara Sahih Muslim, Muslim bn al-Hajjaj, an haife shi a 204 AH (817/18 CE) a Nishapur (a cikin Iran ta zamani) kuma ya mutu a 261 AH (874/75 CE) a garin haihuwarsa. Ya yi tafiye-tafiye da yawa don tattara tarin ahadith (jam'in hadisi), gami da zuwa yankuna yanzu a Iraki, Larabawan Larabawa, Syria da Misira .

Daga cikin hadisai 300,000 da ya tantance, kimanin 12,000 aka ciro don shigar da su cikin tarin larurar karɓa mai ƙarfi. An bincika kowane rahoto a cikin tarinsa kuma an tabbatar da gaskiyar jerin labaran.[ana buƙatar hujja] Sunni Musulmi la'akari da shi na biyu mafi ingantaccen hadisi tarin, bayan Sahih al-Bukhari. Sahih Muslim ya kasu zuwa littattafai 43, wadanda suka kunshi jimlar ruwayoyi 9200. Koyaya, yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa Muslim bn al-Hajjaj bai taba da'awar tattara dukkanin hadisai ingantattu ba kamar yadda hadafinsa shi ne tara hadisai kawai da ya kamata dukkan musulmai su yarda dashi akan daidaito.

A cewar Munthiri, akwai adadin hadisai 2,200 (ba tare da maimaitawa) a cikin Sahih Muslim ba . A cewar Muhammad Amin, [1] akwai ingantattun hadisai 1,400 da aka ruwaito a cikin wasu litattafai, galibi manyan tarin hadisai shida.

Ra'ayoyiGyara

Musulmai da yawa suna daukar wannan tarin a matsayin na biyu mafi inganci daga cikin manyan hadisai shida, [2] wanda ke kunshe da hadisin sahih kawai, girmamawar da ta kebanta da Sahih al-Bukhari kawai, duka ana kiransu Sahihai Biyu. Musulmin Shia suna yin watsi da wasu abubuwan da ke ciki a matsayin kage ko kuma ba za a amince da su ba saboda amincin wasu maruwaitan.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Duk da girman littafin, da kuma ijma'in malamai a kan cewa shi ne na biyu mafi inganci ingantaccen littafin Hadisi, bayan Sahih al-Bukhari, an yarda cewa wannan ba ya nufin cewa kowane abu a ciki gaskiya ne, a kwatanta da sauran littattafan Hadisi, amma yana nufin littafin baki daya ya inganta. Kamar fifikon Sahih al-Bukhari a kan Sahih Muslim, wanda ba ya nuna cewa kowane Hadisi a cikin Sahih al-Bukhari ya fi kowane Hadisi a cikin Sahih Muslim inganci, amma cewa jimlar abin da ke cikin Sahih al-Bukhari ya fi inganci. fiye da jimillar abin da ke cikin Sahih Muslim, haka kuma, ingancin wani Hadisi shi ne littattafan Hadisi biyu, a kan Hadisi daga wasu littattafan Sahih, ba za a iya gabatar da su ba sai bayan an nuna daidaiton wancan Hadisin na musamman.

Siffofin rarrabeGyara

 
Murfin Sahih Muslim

Amin Ahsan Islahi, mashahurin malamin addinin Islama, ya taƙaita wasu siffofin Musamman na Sahih Muslim : [3]

  • Musulmi ibn al-Hajjaj ya rubuce kawai irin waɗannan labaru kamar yadda aka ruwaito ta hanyar biyu m mãsu mayẽwa daga biyu Sahabah (Sahabban Muhammad) wanda baya tafiya biyu m tsinke isnāds kunshi sauti Hadisi. Muhammad al-Bukhari bai bi irin wannan ma'aunin mai tsananin gaske ba.
  • Tsarin kimiyya na jigogi da surori. Marubucin, alal misali, ya zaɓi wurin da ya dace don ba da labari kuma, kusa da shi, ya sanya dukkan sigar. Muhammad al-Bukhari bai bi wannan hanyar ba (yana watsa fassarori daban-daban na labari da abubuwan da ke da alaƙa a babi daban-daban).
  • Muslim bn al-Hajjaj ya sanar da mu wanda kalmominsa a cikin masu riwayar ya yi amfani da su. Misali, yana cewa: haddathanā fulān wa fulān wallafz lifulān (A da B sun ruwaito mana wannan hadisin kuma lafazin da aka yi amfani da shi anan A). Hakanan ya ambaci ko, a cikin wani hadīth, maruwaitan sun banbanta kan lafazin ko da akan harafi ɗaya na mahimmancin ma'anar sifili. Ya kuma sanar da masu karatu idan masu riwaya sun banbanta kan takamaiman inganci, sunan mahaifi, dangi ko wata hujja game da mai riwaya a cikin sarkar.

Abubuwan da ke cikiGyara

Littafin ya kasu kashi 43 ne.

  1. Imani (Kitab Al Iman)
  2. Tsarkakewa (Kitab Al-Taharah)
  3. Haila (Kitab Al-Haid)
  4. Sallah (Kitabut Salat)
  5. Zakka (Kitab Al-zakka)
  6. Azumi (Kitab Al-Sawm)
  7. Aikin Hajji (Kitarhb Al-Hajj)
  8. Aure (Kitab Al-Nikah)
  9. Saki (Kitab Al-Talaq)
  10. Dangane da Ma'amalar Kasuwanci (Kitab Al-Buyu)
  11. Dangane da Dokokin Gado (Kitab Al-Faraid)
  12. Kyauta (Kitab Al-Hibat)
  13. Wasiyya (Kitab Al-Wasiyya)
  14. Alwashi (Kitab Al-Nadhr)
  15. Rantsuwa (Kitab Al-Iman)
  16. Dangane Da Rantsuwa, Domin Tabbatar Da Nauyin Kisan Kai, Fada, Bukatar A
  17. Dangane da Hukunce-hukuncen Da Musulunci Ya Rubuta (Kitab Al-Hudud)
  18. Dangane da Hukunce-hukuncen Shari'a (Kitab Al-Aqdiyya)
  19. Jihadi Da Balaguro (Kitab Al-Jihad Wal-Siyar)
  20. Akan Gwamnati (Kitab Al-Imara)
  21. Wasanni Da Dabbobin da Za'a Iya yanka da Dabbobin da Za'a Ci (Kitab-Us-S
  22. Hadaya (Kitab Al-Adahi)
  23. Abin sha (Kitab Al-Ashriba)
  24. Dangane da Tufafi da Kwalliya (Kitab Al-Libas Wa'L-Zinah)
  25. Akan Halayyar Gabaɗaya (Kitab Al-Adab)
  26. Kan Gaisuwa Da Gaisuwa (Kitab As-Salam)
  27. Game da Amfani Da Ingantattun Kalmomi (Kitab Al-Alfaz Min Al-Adab Wa Ghairiha)
  28. Shayari (Kitab Al-Shi'r)
  29. Gani (Kitab Al-Ruya)
  30. Dangane Da Kyawawan Halayen Manzon Allah (saw) da C
  31. Dangane da Falalar Sahabbai (Allah Ya yarda da su) na Annabi mai tsira da amincin Allah
  32. Virabi'a, Kyawawan nersabi'u da Haɗuwa da iesawancen Abokai
  33. Inyaddara (Kitab-Ul-Qadr)
  34. Ilimi (Kitab Al-'Ilm)
  35. Dangane da Zikirin Allah, Addu'a, Tuba da Neman gafara
  36. Hadisai masu narkewar Zuciya (Kitab Al-Riqaq)
  37. Neman Tuba Da Nasihar Tuba (Kitab Al-Tauba)
  38. Dangane Da Halayen Munafukai Da Kuma Umarninsu (Kitab Sifat)
  39. Bayar da Bayanin Ranar Sakamako, Aljanna Da Wuta (Kitab Sifat Al-Qiyama Wa'L J
  40. Dangane da Aljanna, da bayaninta, da falalolinta da makusantanta (Kitab Al-Jannat Wa
  41. Abinda Ya Shafi Tashin hankali da Alamar tashin Alkiyama (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Ashrat As-Sa'Ah)
  42. Lazimtar Taqwa da tausasa zukata (Kitab Al-Zuhd Wa Al-Raqa'iq)
  43. Sharhi (Kitab Al-Tafsir)

Sharhi da fassaraGyara

  1. Siyanah Sahih Muslim na Ibn al-Salah, wanda kawai farkon sashinsa ya rage
  2. Al Minhaj Be Sharh Sahih Muslim na Al-Nawawi .
  3. Fath al-Mulhim na Shabbir Ahmad Usmani .
  4. Takmilat Fath al-Mulhim na Muhammad Taqi Usmani .
  5. Takaita Sahih Muslim na Abd-al-Hamid Siddiqui . Ana amfani da rubutu a cikin USC - MSA Compendium na Rubutun Muslmi.
  6. Sharh Sahih Muslim na Allama Ghulam Rasool Saeedi
  7. Tafsir al-gharib ma fi al-Sahihayn na Al-Humaydī

Akwai fassarar tafsirin Musulman Sahih a cikin harsuna da yawa ciki har da Ingilishi, Urdu, Bangla, Tamil, da Bosniya. [4]

Duba kumaGyara

ManazartaGyara

Hanyoyin haɗin wajeGyara

  1. The number of authentic hadiths (Arabic), Muhammad Amin, retrieved May 22, 2006
  2. Various Issues About Hadiths
  3. Mabadi Tadabbur-i-Hadith, Amin Ahsan Islahi, 1989
  4. Australian Islamic Library