Ayaba suna ne na yau da kullun na wani nau'in 'ya'yan itace. Sunan Waɗannan shuke-shuke a kimiyyance shinegenus Musa . Su ne 'yan qasar zuwa wurare masu zafi da yankin na kudu maso gabashin Asiya .

Ayaba
berry (en) Fassara, tropical and subtropical fruit (en) Fassara da fruit (en) Fassara
Bananas.jpg
Tarihi
Mai tsarawa Musa × paradisfaka (en) Fassara, Musa (en) Fassara, Musa acuminata (en) Fassara da Musa balbisiana (en) Fassara

Ana tunanin cewa an shuka ayaba don abinci a karon farko a ƙasar Papua New Guinea . A yau, ana noma su a yankuna masu zafi a duniya. [1] haka kuma ayaba suna girma ga 'ya'yansu, wanda keda yanayi da Berry . Wasu suna girma kamar shuke-shuke na ado, ko don zarensu .

Akwai kusan nau'ikan ayaba 110 daban-daban. A cikin al'adun gargajiya da kasuwanci, "ayaba" galibi tana nufin nau'in mai laushi da mai daɗi, wanda aka fi sani da ayaba mai zaki . Sauran nau'ikan, ko nau'ikan girbi, na ayaba suna da ƙarfi, 'ya'yan itacen da ba za su iya bayarwa ba. Wadancan galibi ana kiransu plantain . Ana amfani da furotin galibi don girki ko fiber.

Sauran fiye da ake amfani da matsayin abinci, giya za a iya sanya ta fermenting da ruwan 'ya'yan itace na wasu cultivars a Afirka, da aka sani da giya ayaba. Ana iya amfani da tokar ayaba don yin sabulu . A Asiya, ayaba ana shuka ayaba don samar da inuwa ga shuke-shuke da suke son inuwa, misali kofi, koko, naman goro ko barkono baƙi . Saboda wannan, galibi ana iya samun shuke-shuken banana a cikin gonakin wasu albarkatu.

Shukar AyabaGyara

Ayaba ita ce mafi yawan shuke-shuken furanni. Sau da yawa ana shuka shuke-shuken bishiya a matsayin bishiyoyi. Ayaba suna da ƙaryar ƙarya (da ake kira pseudostem ), wanda ƙananan ɓangaren ganye suke yi. Wannan pseudostem na iya yin tsayi zuwa mita biyu zuwa takwas. Kowane wayayyen ƙarfe yana girma ne daga corm . Pseudostem yana iya samar da ayaba ayaba. Bayan 'ya'yan itace, pseudostem ya mutu kuma an maye gurbinsa. Lokacin da mafi yawan ayaba suka nuna, sai su zama rawaya ko, wani lokacin, ja . Ayaba da ba a bushe ba ta zama kore.

Ganyen ayaba yana girma a karkace kuma maiyuwa yayi 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) kuma 60 centimetres (2.0 ft) fadi. Sauƙin iska ke yage su, wanda ke haifar da sanannen, fasalin kallo. [2]

'Ya'yan itãcen marmariGyara

'Ya'yan Ayaba suna girma daga furannin ayaba a gungu masu rataye, wanda ake kira bunch ko banana banana . 'Ya'yan itacen suna girma cikin layuka da ake kira tiers ko hannu . Za a iya samun kusan fruitsa fruitsa toa anda 20 a hannu, kuma da yawa kamar hawa ashirin a cikin gungun. Bunch yawanci yana auna tsakanin kilo 30 zuwa 50 (65 zuwa fam 110).

Ƴaƴan tace ɗaya yana da nauyin gram 125 (oce 4.4) a kan matsakaici; kimanin kashi uku cikin uku na wannan ruwa ne.

Kowane ayaba (ko yatsa ) yana da murfin waje na kariya (wanda ake kira ɓawo ko fata ). Akwai ɓangaren tsoka a ciki wanda ke sauƙaƙe zuwa sassa uku. Shine kawai sanannen 'ya'yan itace mai rarrafe a duniya.[ana buƙatar hujja] ] Za a iya cin fata da ɓangaren ciki. Al'adun Yammacin Turai gabaɗaya suna cin ɗanyen cikin kuma zubar da fata. Wasu al'adun Asiya suna cin fata da ciki da dafaffe. Kowane ƴaƴan itace yana da igiyoyi masu yawa waɗanda suke gudana tsakanin fata da ɓangaren ciki.

Ayaba suna da bitamin B <sub id="mwXA">6 da yawa</sub>, bitamin C, da potassium .

Girma da kasuwanci ayabaGyara

 
Noman ayaba, a matsayin kashi na babban mai samarwa (Indiya). Da'irar rawaya tana tsaye ga 10%, mai ja kuma ga 1%.
 
Ayaba kore da rawaya a kasuwa

Ana noman ayaba aƙalla ƙasashe 107. Na'urorin ayaba da ke girma a cikin daji suna da 'ya'yan itatuwa da yawa masu yawa, manyan iri, amma kusan duk ayaba da aka shuka don a ci tana da ' ya'yan itatuwa marasa 'ya'ya . Ayaba ana rarraba ta azaman kayan zaki ko kuma ayaba mai dafa abinci. Kusan dukkan ayaba na fitarwa nau'ikan kayan zaki ne. Kusan kusan kashi goma zuwa goma sha biyar na duk samarwar don fitarwa ne . Ayaba mai zaki za ta canza launinta kuma galibi ta zama rawaya, idan sun nuna; ayaba da ayaba gabaɗaya da ake amfani da su wajen dafa abinci suna zama kore. Wasu ayaba suna da wasu launuka idan sun girma.

Ƙasashen da suka fi samar da ayaba sun hada da India, Brazil, China, Ecuador da Philippines . Manyan ƙasashe biyar da suka fitar da ayaba sun haɗa da Ecuador, Costa Rica, Philippines, Colombia da Guatemala . Amurka, Tarayyar Turai da Japan sun fi sayen ayaba. Ayaba na daga cikin kayayyakin amfanin gona masu matuƙar daraja; Sun bayar da kusan kashi sittin cikin ɗari na kuɗaɗen fitarwa na Saint Lucia da kusan kashi goma sha biyu na Babban Haɗin Cikin Gida na ƙasar, tsakanin 1994 da 1996.

AllerjiGyara

Wasu mutane suna rashin lafiyan ayaba. Akwai nau'i biyu na asali na waɗannan cututtukan. Na farko an san shi azaman rashin lafiyan baki . Cikin awa daya da cin ayaba, kumburi yana farawa a cikin bakin ko maƙogwaro. Wannan alerji aka alaka allergies lalacewa ta hanyar pollen, kamar cewa daga cikin Birch itace. Sauran yana kama da cututtukan latex . Ana sa urticaria da yiwuwar tsanani babba cututtukan gastrointestinal.

Sauran amfani na ayabaGyara

MasakuGyara

Fiber da aka samo daga tsiron ayaba an yi amfani da shi don yin kayan masaka na dogon lokaci. A Japan, ana shuka ayaba don amfani dashi don sutura da cikin gida tun aƙalla ƙarni na 13 . A cikin tsarin Jafanawa, ana yanka ganye da harbe daga tsire-tsire lokaci-lokaci don tabbatar sun yi laushi. A girbe harbe dole ne na farko da za a Boiled a lye shirya zaruruwa ga yin na yarn . Wadannan harbewar banana suna samar da zaruruwa na bambancin digiri na laushi. Ana iya amfani dasu don yadudduka da yadudduka na ƙwarewa daban-daban, kuma don takamaiman amfani. Misali, zaren mafi ban tsoro na harbe sune mafi tsananin - suna da kyau ga kayan tebur . Fibobi mafi taushi mafi kyau kyawawa ne don kimono da kamishimo . Wannan tsari na yin kyallen Ayaba na gargajiya yana da matakai da yawa, duk ana yinsu da hannu.

Ana amfani da wani tsarin a Nepal . Akwai da akwati daga cikin banana shuka da aka girbe maimakon. Piecesananan guntun wannan akwatin sai a yi laushi. A zaruruwa ake cirewa mechanically, bleached, da kuma bushe . Daga nan sai a tura su zuwa Kathmandu Valley, inda ake ƙera manyan katifu. Waɗannan rutuna suna da laushi da halaye na gama gari kamar na siliki . Waɗannan zaren zaren na ayaba ana saka su ta hanyoyin gargajiyar gargajiyar ƙasar Nepalese.

Menene amfanin ayabaGyara

Matsakaiciyar ayaba zata samar da kusan 320-400 MG na potassium, wanda ya sadu da kusan kashi 10% na bukatun potassium na yau da kullun. Potassium yana taimakawa jikinka dan kiyaye lafiyayyar zuciya da hawan jini. Bugu da kari, ayaba suna da karancin sinadarin sodium. Soarancin sodium da babban hadewar potassium yana taimakawa wajen sarrafa hawan jini.

TakardaGyara

Ana kuma amfani da fiber na ayaba don yin takardar ayaba . Akwai takardar ayaba iri biyu: takarda da aka yi daga bawo, da takarda da aka yi daga zare da kuma 'ya'yan itatuwa da ba a amfani da su.

HotunaGyara

ManazartaGyara

Sauran yanar gizoGyara

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  1. agroforestry.net
  2. See Greenearth, Inc., Banana Plant Growing Info. Retrieved 2008.12.20.