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Istanbul
Istanbul2010.jpg
city with millions of inhabitants, metropolitan municipality in Turkey, former capital, megacity, largest city, port city, babban birni, babban birni, tourist destination
farawa667 BCE Gyara
sunan hukumaİstanbul Gyara
native labelİstanbul Gyara
demonymIstanbulite, Istanbulano Gyara
nahiyaAsiya, Turai Gyara
ƙasaTurkiyya Gyara
babban birninIstanbul Province, Ottoman Empire Gyara
located in the administrative territorial entityIstanbul Province Gyara
located in or next to body of waterBosporus, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea Gyara
coordinate location41°0′36″N 28°57′37″E Gyara
highest pointAydos Hill Gyara
office held by head of governmentmayor of Istanbul Gyara
shugaban gwamnatiEkrem İmamoğlu Gyara
significant eventOccupation of Constantinople Gyara
MabiyiConstantinople Gyara
located in time zoneUTC+03:00 Gyara
sun raba iyaka daKocaeli Province, Tekirdağ Province Gyara
coextensive withIstanbul Province Gyara
postal code34000–34990 Gyara
official websitehttp://www.ibb.istanbul/ Gyara
Twitter hashtagIstanbul Gyara
Köppen climate classificationoceanic climate, humid subtropical climate, Mediterranean climate Gyara
local dialing code212, 216 Gyara
tarihin maudu'ihistory of Istanbul Gyara
Dewey Decimal Classification Gyara
licence plate code34 Gyara
maintained by WikiProjectWikiProject Istanbul Gyara

Istanbul ansansa a tarihi da Byzantium, kafin 1924 anakiran birnin da Constantinople, itace birni mafi yawan al'ummah a kasar Turkiya kuma cibiyar tattalin arziki, al'adu da ababen tarihi na garin. Istanbul wani birni ne dake a tsakanin nahiyar Turai da Asiya wato Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait (wanda yaraba Turai da Asiya) tsakanin Sea of Marmara da kuma Black Sea. Kasuwanci da ababen tarihi na garin na nan ne a bangaren garin dake cikin turai, kuma kusan kashi uku na al'ummar garin suna zaune ne a bangaren garin dake Asiya.[1] birnin ne cibiyar gudanar da ayyukan Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (coterminous tareda Istanbul Province), wanda dukkansu suke dauke da yawan al'ummah mazauna garin kusan miliya 15. [2] Istanbul na daya daga cikin manyan birane a Duniya masu yawan al'ummah, kuma itace na hudu, kuma itace ta farko a nahiyar Turai birnin datafi yawan al'ummah. Istanbul na matsayin wani gadane tsakanin gabas da yamma.

An kirkira birnin ne da sunan wanda yasamar da ita wato Byzantion (Βυζάντιον) on the Sarayburnu promontory tun kusan 660 BCE, garin ya bunkasa da girma, wanda yazama daya daga cikin manyan birane masu mahimmanci a tarihi bayan an sake ginata a matsayin Constantinople a 330 CE, tazama birni imperial natsawon Karni 16, lokacin Roman/Byzantine (330–1204), Latin (1204–1261), Palaiologos Byzantine (1261–1453) da Ottoman (1453–1922) empires.[3] tataka rawa wurin cigaban addinin kiristanci lokacin Roman da Byzantine, kafin Ottomans conquered the city a 1453 CE sai takoma zuwa Islamic stronghold and the seat of the Ottoman Caliphate. [4]

The city's strategic position on the historic Silk Road,[5] titin jirgin kasa zuwa turai da gabas ta tsakiya, kuma hanyar Ruwa kwara daya dake a tsakanin Black Sea da the Mediterranean yasa samun cosmopolitan populace. Sai dai anzabi birnin Ankara a matsayin babban birnin Turkiya bayan Turkish War of Independence, sannan aka canja sunan birnin zuwa Istanbul, birnin yacigaba da da rike martabarsa akan Siyasar yankin da harkokin al'adu. The population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have moved in and city limits have expanded to accommodate them.[6][7] Arts, music, film, and cultural festivals were established towards the end of the 20th century and continue to be hosted by the city today. Infrastructure improvements have produced a complex transportation network in the city.

A takaice kusan 12.56 miliyan na baki yan kasashen waje ne suka ziyarci Istanbul a 2015, shekara biyar bayan zamar da ita European Capital of Culture, yasa tazama na biyar birni a duniya na yawon bude ido.[8] The city's biggest attraction is its historic center, partially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its cultural and entertainment hub can be found across the city's natural harbor, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district. Considered a global city,[9] Istanbul has one of the fastest-growing metropolitan economies in the world.[10] yawanci cibiyoyin manyan kamfanonin kasar Turkiya companies and media outlets and accounts for more than a quarter of the country's gross domestic product.[11] Hoping to capitalize on its revitalization and rapid expansion, Istanbul has bid for the Summer Olympics five times in twenty years.[12]

AnazarciGyara

  1. harvnb|WCTR Society; Unʼyu Seisaku Kenkyū Kikō|2004|p=281
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Population of Turkey
  3. harvnb|Çelik|1993|p=xv
  4. harvnb|Masters|Ágoston|2009|pp=114–5
  5. harvnb|Dumper|Stanley|2007|p=320}}
  6. harvnb|Turan|2010|p=224
  7. cite web|url=http://www.ibb.gov.tr/sites/ks/en-US/0-Exploring-The-City/Location/Pages/PopulationandDemographicStructure.aspx%7Cpublisher=Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality|title=Population and Demographic Structure|year=2008|accessdate=27 March 2012|work=Istanbul 2010: European Capital of Culture
  8. cite web |url=http://newsroom.mastercard.com/press-releases/london-retains-crown-in-2015-mastercard-global-destinations-cities-index/ |title=MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index
  9. cite web|url=http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/world2010.html%7Ctitle=The World According to GaWC 2010|work=Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group and Network|publisher=Loughborough University|accessdate=8 May 2012}}
  10. cite web |url=http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/the-avenue/posts/2010/12/01-global-monitor-berube |title=Global Growth on the Orient Express |last1=Berube |first1=Alan|date=1 December 2010 |publisher=Brookings Institution blog "The Avenue"|accessdate=14 April 2013
  11. "OECD Territorial Reviews: Istanbul, Turkey". Policy Briefs (The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). March 2008. ISBN 978-92-64-04383-1. 
  12. cite web |url=http://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-selects-three-cities-as-candidates-for-the-2020-olympic-games/166288 |publisher=The International Olympic Committee |title=IOC selects three cities as Candidates for the 2020 Olympic Games |date=24 May 2012 |accessdate=18 June 2012