Hajjin Bankwana (Larabci: حِجَّة ٱلْوَدَاع, romanized: Hijjatu Al-Wadāʿ) na nufin aikin hajji guda ɗaya da Muhammadu ya yi a shekarar Musulunci ta 10 bayan Hijira, bayan Nasarar Makkah. Musulmai sun yi imani cewa aya ta 22:27 a cikin Alƙur'ani ta kawo niyyar yin aikin Hajji a cikin Muhammad a wannan shekarar. Lokacin da Annabi Muhammadu ya sanar da wannan niyya, kusan Sahabban sa 100,000 sun taru a Madina don yin aikin hajji na shekara -shekara tare da shi. Annabi Muhammad yayi aikin Hajji Al-Qiran.

Wikidata.svgHajjin bankwana
Aikin Hajji

Dangane da ra’ayin Ahlus-Sunnah, Hajji Al-Qirana nau’in aikin Hajji ne da ake yin Umrah da Hajji tare. A ranar 9 ga watan Dhu al-Hijjah, ranar Arafah,Annabi Muhammad ya gabatar da Hudubar Bankwana a saman Dutsen Arafat a wajen Makka.

Aikin hajji na Annabi Muhammad ya ayyana da dama daga cikin ibada da ayyukan hajji kuma yana daya daga cikin lokutan da aka fi rubuta tarihin rayuwarsa, daga baya aka watsa shi ta hanyar sahabarsa, wanda ya raka shi a wannan karon, yana lura da kowane hali na Annabi Muhammadu, wanda ya zama abin koyi don bin Musulmi a duk fadin duniya (sunnah).

Bayan FageGyara

Annabi Muhammadu ya zauna a Madina tsawon shekaru 10 tun bayan Hijira kuma bai shiga aikin Hajji ba, ko da yake ya yi Umrah sau biyu da suka gabata. Musulmai sun yi imani cewa saukar aya ta 27 a cikin Sura ta 22, Al Hajji [Quran 22:27]

Kuma ka yi wa mutane hajji. za su zo muku da kafa da kan kowane rakumi mara nauyi. za su zo daga kowane wucewa mai nisa.

ya sa Annabi Muhammad ya yi aikin Hajji a waccan shekarar. Musulman Madina da yankunan da ke kewaye sun taru tare da Annabi Muhammad don gudanar da wannan tafiya. Annabi Muhammad ya nada Abu Dujana al-Ansari a matsayin gwamnan Madina a lokacin da baya raye. A ranar 25 ga al-Qi'dah (c. Fabrairu 632), ya bar Madina, tare da dukkan matansa.[1]

Kafin ya tafi Makka, Annabi Muhammad ya zauna a Miqat Dhu al-Hulayfah kuma ya koya wa Musulmai irin sanya Ihram. Da farko ya yi ghusl (wanka), kafin ya sanya ihrami, wanda aka ce ya kunshi fararen auduga na Yaman guda biyu da ba a dinka ba. Daga nan Annabi Muhammad ya yi sallar Zuhur a miqat kafin ya tafi a kan rakumi mai suna Al Qaswa'. Daga nan Annabi Muhammad ya ci gaba da tafiyarsa har ya isa Makkah, ya iso bayan kwana takwas.[2][3][4][5]

Aikin HajjiGyara

 
Dutsen Arafat, wanda aka fi sani da Jabal Rahma, tare da farin ginshiƙan marmara wanda ke alamar wurin da Annabi Muhammadu ya gabatar da Wa'azin Bankwana.

Suna kwana a Dhi Tuwa a wajen Makkah, Annabi Muhammad da abokan tafiyarsa (Sahabbai) sun isa Masallacin Harami washegari. Sun shigo daga yau ne kofar Al Salam suka tunkari Ka'aba. Daga nan Annabi Muhammad ya zarce zuwa dawafin Ka'aba (tawaf), bayan haka ya sake taɓawa da sumbatar Baqin Dutsen. Bayan addu'arsa, Annabi Muhammad ya sha daga rijiyar Zamzam, ya yi addu'a, sannan ya ci gaba zuwa tudun As Safa da Al Marwah, inda ya yi al'adar tafiya tsakanin tsaunuka biyu (sa'ee).[4] Daga nan Annabi Muhammad ya koma Al Hujūn; bai cire ihraminsa ba bayan sa'ayi kamar yadda ya yi niyyar yin aikin Hajjin Qiran, wanda ya shafi yin Umrah da Hajji tare. Daga nan Annabi Muhammad ya umarci wadanda suka zo ba tare da dabbobin layya ba da su yi ihrami don Umrah da yin Tawafi da Sa'ee, bayan haka suka sauke kansu daga ihrami.[5]

A faɗuwar rana ta 8 ga Zulhijjah, Annabi Muhammad ya tashi zuwa Mina ya yi dukkan salloli daga Zuhr zuwa Fajr, kafin ya tafi Dutsen Arafat washe gari, yana tafiya tare da raƙuminsa. Yayin da ya hau dutsen, dubban mahajjata sun kewaye shi suna rera Talbiyah da Takbir. Annabi Muhammad ya ba da umarnin a gina masa alfarwa a gabas da Dutsen Arafat a wani wuri da ake kira Namirah. Ya huta a cikin tanti har rana ta wuce zenith, sannan ya hau rakuminsa har ya isa kwarin Uranah. Annabi Muhammadu ya gabatar da hudubarsa ta Juma'a ta karshe (khutbah), wacce aka fi sani da Wa'azin Bankwana, ga Sahabbai sama da 100,000, kafin ya jagoranci sallar Zuhur da Asr tare. Sannan ya koma cikin Arafat ya kwana yana addu’a.[2] Dangane da Al Mubarakpuri, aya ta 3 ta Sura ta 5, Al Ma'idah, an saukar da shi ga Annabi Muhammad bayan ya gama wannan huduba:[5]

A yau na kammala muku addininku, na cika ni'imata a kanku, kuma na yarje muku musulunci ya zama addininku.

Bayan faduwar rana ta 9 ga watan Dhu al-Hijjah, Annabi Muhammad ya isa Muzdalifah ya yi sallar Magriba da Isha kafin ya huta. Da gari ya waye, ya yi addu’a da addu’a kafin ya dawo Mina da safe ya gudanar da aikin jifan Shaidan, yana karanta takbir duk lokacin da ya jefi Jamrah da dutse.[6] Daga nan sai Annabi Muhammadu ya ba da umarnin a yi hadayar dabbobin layya da ya zo da su. Annabi Muhammadu da sahabbansa sun ci kaɗan daga abin da suka sadaukar kuma suka ba da sadaka. Daga nan Annabi Muhammad ya koma Makka, ya sake yin Tawaf sannan ya yi sallar Zuhur a Masallacin Harami. Daga nan ya sha daga rijiyar Zamzam kafin ya koma Mina a ranar kuma ya ci gaba da jifan Shaidan. Daga nan Annabi Muhammad ya shafe kwanaki uku masu zuwa, 11, 12, da 13 ga watan Dhu al-Hijjah, wanda aka fi sani da Kwanakin Tashrīq, a Mina yana yin jifan Shaidan.[6] Al Mubarakpuri ya ce Annabi Muhammadu ya sake yin wani jawabi a ranar 12, bayan saukar Sura ta 110, An Nasr.[5]

Duba kumaGyara

ManazartaGyara

  1. Buhl, F.; Welch, A. T. (1993). "Muḥammad". Encyclopaedia of Islam. 7 (2nd ed.). Brill Academic Publishers. pp. 360–376. ISBN 90-04-09419-9.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Abu Muneer Ismail Davids (2006). Getting the Best Out of Hajj. Darussalam. pp. 315–. ISBN 978-9960-9803-0-0. Retrieved 2015-10-18.
  3. Patrick Hughes; Thomas Patrick Hughes (1995). Dictionary of Islam. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2. Retrieved 2015-10-18.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Muḥammad Ḥusayn Haykal (1 May 1994). The Life of Muhammad. The Other Press. ISBN 978-983-9154-17-7.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Mubārakfūrī, Ṣafī al-Raḥmān. (2011). The sealed nectar : Ar-raheequl makhtum, biography of the Noble Prophet ṣallá Allāh ʻalayhi wa-sallam. Riyadh: Darussalam. ISBN 978-603-500-110-6. OCLC 806790487.
  6. 6.0 6.1 IslamKotob. en_TheBiographyoftheProphet. IslamKotob. pp. 154–. GGKEY:DS5PE7D2Z35. Retrieved 2015-10-18.