Kotun Koli ta Indiya ( IAST : Bhāratīya Ucchatama Nyāyālaya ) ita ce babbar kotun shari'a ta Indiya kuma babbar kotun Indiya a ƙarƙashin tsarin mulki . Ita ce babbar kotun tsarin mulki, kuma tana da ikon duba shari'a. Babban Mai Shari'a na Indiya shine shugaban kuma babban alkali na Kotun Koli, wanda ya ƙunshi matsakaitan alƙalai 34 kuma yana da madafun iko a cikin yanayin asali, roko da ikon shawarwari.  Ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin babbar cibiyar jama'a mafi ƙarfi a Indiya.[1][2]

Group half.svgKotun koli na Indiya
Supreme Court of India - 200705.jpg
यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः
Bayanai
Suna a hukumance
Supreme Court of India
Iri Kotun ƙoli
Ƙasa Indiya
Aiyuka
Bangare na Judiciary of India (en) Fassara
Mulki
Shugaba Dipak Misra (en) Fassara
Hedkwata New Delhi
House publication (en) Fassara Supreme Court Reports (en) Fassara
Subdivisions
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1950
Wanda yake bi Federal Court of India (en) Fassara
sci.gov.in

TarihiGyara

A cikin 1861, an kafa Dokar Babban Kotun Indiya 1861 don ƙirƙirar manyan kotuna don larduna daban -daban kuma ya soke Kotun Koli a Calcutta, Madras da Bombay da kuma s adar adalats a cikin biranen shugabanci a yankunansu.Waɗannan sabbin manyan kotuna suna da banbancin kasancewa manyan kotuna ga duk kararraki har zuwa lokacin da aka kafa Kotun Tarayya ta Indiya a ƙarƙashin Dokar Gwamnatin Indiya 1935. Kotun Tarayya tana da hurumin warware rigingimu tsakanin larduna da jihohin tarayya da sauraron kararraki kan hukuncin manyan kotuna. CJI na farko na Indiya shine HJ Kania.

Iyakokin KotunGyara

An kafa Kotun Koli na Indiya kamar yadda Babi na IV na Sashe na V na Tsarin Mulkin Indiya. Fasali na huɗu na Tsarin Mulkin Indiya shine "The Union Judiciary". A karkashin wannan babin, Kotun Koli ta Indiya tana da dukkan iko. Dangane da Mataki na ashirin da 124, Kotun Koli ta Indiya ta Kafa kuma An Kafa ta. Dangane da Mataki na ashirin da 129, Kotun Koli za ta zama Kotun Rubuce -Rubuce. Dangane da Mataki na ashirin da 131, ikon asali na Kotun Koli yana da izini. Dangane da Labarai na 132, 133, 134 An ba da izinin ikon daukaka kara na Kotun Koli. A karkashin doka ta 135, an ba da ikon Kotun Tarayya ga Kotun Koli. Mataki na ashirin da 136 yana magana ne game da izini na musamman don daukaka kara zuwa kotun koli. An yi bayanin ikon duba na Kotun Koli a Mataki na ashirin da 137. Mataki na 138 yana magana ne kan Ƙarfafa ikon Kotun Koli. Mataki na ashirin da 139 ya yi magana game da Zaman Kotun Koli na iko don fitar da wasu rubuce -rubuce. An ba da ikon haɗin gwiwa na Kotun Koli kamar yadda yake a cikin Mataki na ashirin da 140.

  1. History of the Supreme Court of India". Archived from the original on 28 January 2019.
  2. "Chief Justice & Judges". Supreme Court of India. Archived from the original on 25 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2017.