Birnin Bagdaza ko Baghdad (lafazi ˈ|bæg|dæd|,_|bəg|ˈ|dæd; larabci|بغداد |bagh|ˈ|daad) itace babban birnin kasar Iraq. Adadin yawan al'umman Baghdad, sunkai kusan miliyan takwas da dubu Dari bakwai da sittin da biyar (8,765,000), [note 1] haka yasa tazama gari mafi yawan al'umma a kasar Iraq, kuma birni na biyu a yawan Mutane a Kasashen Larabawa (bayan Birnin alkahira, Egypt), kuma birni na biyu a Yammacin Asiya (bayan Tehran, Iran).

tutar bagdaza
Globe icon.svgBagdaza
بغداد (ar)
فندق بغداد روتانا.jpg

Wuri
Baguda-doken.svg
 33°21′N 44°25′E / 33.35°N 44.42°E / 33.35; 44.42
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaIrak
Governorate of Iraq (en) FassaraBaghdad Governorate (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 6,960,000 (2016)
• Yawan mutane 34,084.23 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 204.2 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Kogin Tigris
Altitude (en) Fassara 34 m
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Ctesiphon (en) Fassara
Wanda ya samar Al-Mansur (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 762
Muhimman sha'ani
Tsarin Siyasa
• Shugaban gwamnati Manhal Al habbobi (en) Fassara (20 Satumba 2020)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 10001–10090
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
UTC+03:00 (en) Fassara
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo amanatbaghdad.gov.iq


bagadaza a alif 1932

Tana nan ne a kusa da Tigris River, an samarda da birnin ne tun daga karni na 8th kuma tazama babban birnin Daular Abbasiya. A Dan kankanin lokaci bayan kafa birnin, Baghdad tazama wani muhimmin cibiyar al'adu, kasuwanci, da kuma zama cibiyar ilimi a tsakanin Kasashen Musulmi. Haka, da Karin samarda manya manyan shahararrun makarantun kamar (misali., Gidan Hikima), yasa birnin tasamu suna na zama "Cibiyar koyon Ilimi".

Baghdad takasance babban birni a Middle Ages na yawancin lokutan zamanin Abbasiya, da yawan al'umma dasuka kai kimanin sama da miliyan a waccan lokaci.[4] Birnin yakasance babban tarwatsewa a hannun Mongol Empire a 1258, wanda ya haifar da faduwa da raguwa acikin zamunai da dama. Bayan samun yancin Iraq (bayan kasancewarta British Mandate of Mesopotamia) a 1938, Baghdad tasake farfadowa a matsayin ta na cibiyar Al'adun Larabawa.

A wannan zamanin Birnin Bagdaza ta fuskanci tasgaro da lalace lalacen gine-gine da kone-kone, saboda 2003 invasion of Iraq, da yakunan da suka rika biyo baya Yakin Iraq wanda yakaiga har zuwa watan December 2011. A wadannan shekaru, Birnin yatasamun farmaki daga insurgency. Yakin yahaifar da lalacewar substantial loss of cultural heritage and historical artifacts kamar su. A shekara ta 2012, ansanya Baghdad acikin mafi rashin kyawun wurin zama da mutum zai rayu aciki a duniya,[5] kuma ansanya ta daga Mercer a matsayin mafi lalacew na 221 na manyan birane akan ingancin rayuwa.[6]

ManazartaGyara

  1. "Baghdad" Archived 22 Disamba 2016 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 30 November 2016.
  2. Gilbert Burnham; Riyadh Lafta; Shannon Doocy; Les Roberts (11 October 2006). "Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: a cross-sectional cluster sample survey". The Lancet. 368: 1421–1428. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.88.4036. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69491-9. Archived from the original on 14 May 2013. (110 KB)
  3. "Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000" Archived 15 Nuwamba, 2006 at the Wayback Machine, Mongabay.com
  4. "Largest Cities Through History". Geography.about.com. 2011-04-06. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
  5. Inocencio, Ramy (4 December 2012). "What city has world's best quality of life?". CNN. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
  6. "The Central African Republic: On the brink". Archived from the original on 13 October 2017.
  1. Estimates of total population differ substantially. The Encyclopedia Britannica gives the city 2001-2006 population of 4,950,000;[1] the 2006 Lancet Report states a population of 7,216,050;[2] Mongabay gives a figure of 6,492,200 as of 2002.[3]