Edo /ˈɛ d oʊ / [3] (tare da wasula, Ẹ̀dó ), wanda kuma ake kira Bini (Benin), harshe ne da ake magana da shi a Jihar Edo, Nijeriya. Yaren asali ne na mutanen Edo kuma shi ne harshe na farko a Daular Benin da wanda ya gabace ta, Igodomigodo .

Edo
Bini
Ẹ̀dó
Asali a Nigeria
Yanki Edo State
Ƙabila Edo people
'Yan asalin magana
Template:Sigfig million (2015)[1]
Latin
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-2 bin
ISO 639-3 bin
Glottolog bini1246[2]
Nigeria Benin Cameroon languages.png
Linguistic map of Benin, Nigeria, and Cameroon. Edo is spoken in southern Nigeria.

Fassarar sautiGyara

WasulaGyara

Akwai wasula guda bakwai, /i e ɛ a ɔ o u/, dukansu suna iya zama masu tsawo ko dan-hanci, da sautuka uku.

BakakeGyara

Yaren Edo yana da matsakaicin kama da yaren Edoid. Yana kula da ɗan-hanci guda ɗaya kawai, /m/, amma yana da baƙaƙe na baka 13, /r, l, ʋ, j, w/ da tasha 8, waɗanda ke da allunan hanci kamar [n, ɲ, ŋʷ], da nasalized. allophones [ʋ̃, j̃, w̃] kafin wasalin hanci.

Labial Labiodental Alveolar Palatal Velar Labio-velar Glottal
Nasal m
M p  b



[pm bm]
t  d



[tn dn]
k  ɡ



[kŋ ɡŋ]
k͡p  ɡ͡b



[k͡pŋ͡m ɡ͡bŋ͡m]
Ƙarfafawa f  v s  z x  ɣ ɦ
Trill r
Kusa kusan ɹ̝̊  ɹ̝
Buɗe kusan ʋ



[ʋ̃]
l



[n]
j



[ɲ] [j̃]
w



[ŋʷ] [w̃]

An bayyana rhotics guda uku a matsayin mai sauti da mara sauti da kuma ƙarancin nau'in Ingilishi kusan. Koyaya, Ladefoged[page needed] ya sami duka ukun sun kasance kusan, tare da ɗaga murya-marasa murya guda biyu (ba tare da ɓata lokaci ba) kuma watakila a wani wuri daban-daban na magana idan aka kwatanta da na uku amma ba trills ba.

Nazarin harshenGyara

Tsarin haruffa na da sauƙi, kasancewar CVV mafi yawa, inda VV ko dai dogon wasali ne ko /i, u/ da wani wasalin baka ko na hanci suna da bambanci.

Tsarin RubutuGyara

Haruffan Yaren Edo na da haruffa na daban don dake fita ta hanci kamar /ʋ/ da /l/, mw da n :

A B D E E F G Gb Gh H I K Kh Kp L M Mw N O Ya P R Rh Rr S T U V Vb W Y Z
/a/ /b/ /d/ /e/ /ɛ/ /f/ /ɡ/ /ɡb/ /ɣ/ /ɦ/ /i/ /k/ /x/ /kp/ /l/ /m/ /ʋ/ /l/ /o/ /ɔ/ /p/ /r/ /ɹ̝̊/ /ɹ̝/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /ʋ/ /w/ /j/ /z/

Ana rubuta wasula masu tsawo ta hanyar ninka harafin. Ana iya rubuta wasulan hanci daga ƙarshe da -n ko tare da dan-hanci na farko. Za'a iya rubuta sautin tare da tsattsauran lafazi, lafazin kabari, da mara alama, ko tare da ta ƙarshe -h (-nh tare da wasalin hanci).

Duba kumaGyara

ManazartaGyara

  1. Template:Ethnologue21
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bini". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  • Emovon, Joshua A. (1979). Nazarin phonological Edo (Bini), tare da nuni na musamman ga jimlar magana. Jami'ar London, Makarantar Gabas da Nazarin Afirka (United Kingdom)

Hanyoyin haɗi na wajeGyara


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