Babbar Canal ko Dayunhe ko Jing – Hang Grand Canal ( Chinese shine mafi tsawo da kuma tsufa canal da kogin da ɗan adam yayi a duniya. [1]

Babbar Canal
Gcjiangnan1.JPG
General information
Tsawo 1,776 km
Yawan fili 20,819.11 ha
55,629 ha
Labarin ƙasa
Geographic coordinate system (en) Fassara 30°15′41″N 120°13′26″E / 30.261388888889°N 120.22388888889°E / 30.261388888889; 120.22388888889
Kasa Sin
Territory Sin
Mountaineering (en) Fassara
First ascent (en) Fassara 2016
Darussan Babban Canal

Yana farawa a Beijing ; ya ratsa ta Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu da Zhejiang ; kuma ya ƙare a Hangzhou .

Ya haɗu da koguna biyu mafi tsawo na ƙasar Sin: Kogin Yellow da kuma Yangzi .

An gina tsofaffin ɓangarorin magudanar ruwa a lokacin karni na 5 BC.

Daular Sui (581-618 AD) ta ƙara wasu sassa. Tsakanin 1271-1633, daular Yuan (ta hanyar Guo Shoujing da sauransu) da daular Ming sun inganta ta kuma sun gina sassa don kai ruwa zuwa Beijing .

Jimlar tsawon ta kai 1,776 kilometres (1,104 mi) . Babban tsayinsa shine 42 m (138 ft) kusa da tsaunukan Shandong. [2]

Daular Song (960-1279) injiniya Qiao Weiyue ya ƙirƙira kulle fam a ƙarni na 10. Wannan ya bawa jiragen ruwa damar yin tafiya sama da kasa ta hanyar magudanar ruwa. [3]

Hanyar ta ba mutane da yawa mamaki a cikin tarihi gami da malamin Jafananci Ennin (794-864), masanin tarihin Farisa Rashid al-Din (1247-1318), jami'in Koriya Choe Bu (1454-1504), da kuma mishan na Italiya Matteo Ricci (1552-1610). [4] [5]

A tarihi, ambaliyar ruwan Kogin Yellow ya yi barazanar fasa hanyar. A lokacin yaƙi ma ana amfani da mashigar a matsayin makami: dikes na Kogin Yellow wani lokaci ana fasa su don ambaliyar sojojin abokan gaba. Amma wannan ya haifar da bala'i da cutar da tattalin arziki.

Hanyar Canal ta inganta tattalin arzikin kasar Sin sosai kuma ta kara kasuwanci tsakanin arewa da kudu. Har yanzu ana amfani dashi sosai har zuwa yau.

Wurin Tarihi ne na UNESCO .

ManazartaGyara

  1. Hutchinson's Encyclopedia, Encarta. Archived 2009-10-31.
  2. Needham, Volume 4, Part 3, 307.
  3. Needham, Volume 4, Part 3, 350–352
  4. Needham, Volume 4, Part 3, 308 & 313.
  5. Brook, 40–51.