Wani karni lokaci ne na shekaru 100. Ƙarni aka ƙidaya ordinally a Turanci century. Kalmar karni ta fito ne daga Latin centum, ma'ana ɗari . Wani lokaci ana taƙaita karni kamar c.

Wikidata.svgƘarni
unit of time (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na time interval (en) Fassara da set of 100 (en) Fassara
Bangare na millennium (en) Fassara
Measured physical quantity (en) Fassara duration (en) Fassara

Cika shekaru ɗari shine ƙarni, ko bikin wannan, yawanci ambaton abin da ya faru shekara ɗari da suka gabata.

Farawa da ƙarshen ƙarniGyara

Kodayake ƙarni na iya nufin kowane lokaci na sabani na shekaru 100, akwai ra'ayoyi biyu kan yanayin daidaitattun ƙarnoni. Ayan ya dogara ne da tsayayyar gini, ɗayan kuma ya dogara ne akan sanannen fahimta.

Dangane da tsauraran gini, karni na 1 AD ya fara ne da 1 AD kuma ya ƙare da 100 AD, tare da irin tsarin da ya ci gaba. [note 1] A cikin wannan samfurin, karnin n -th yana farawa da shekarar da ta ƙare da "01", kuma ta ƙare da shekarar da ta ƙare da "00". Saboda wannan, karni zai hada da shekara guda, shekara ɗari, wanda zai fara da lambar karnin (misali 19 00 itace shekarar ƙarshe ta karni na 19).

A cikin sanannen fahimta da aiki, an tsara ƙarnoni ta hanyar tara shekaru bisa ga lambobin da suka raba. A wannan samfurin, karnin 'n' ya fara ne daga shekarar da ta ƙare a "00", kuma ya ƙare da shekarar da ta ƙare a "99". Misali, karni na 20 za'a dauke shi daga 1900 zuwa 1999, ya hada duka. Wannan wani lokaci ana kiran sa azaman odometer .[ana buƙatar hujja] Lambar shekarar falaki da tsarin ISO 8601 duk suna ɗauke da sifili na shekara, don haka ƙarni na farko ya fara da shekarar sifiri, maimakon shekara ɗaya.

M vs Popular amfani
Shekara 2 BC 1 BC 1 2 . . . 99 100 101 102 . . . 199 200 201 202 . . . 1899 1900 1901 1902 . . . 1999 2000 2001 2002 . . . 2099 2100 2101 2102 . . .
M K'arni na 1 BC 1st karni 2 karni 3 karni . . . 19th karni 20th karni 21st karni Karni na 22 . . .
Mashahuri K'arni na 1 BC 1st karni 2 karni 3 karni . . . 19th karni 20th karni 21st karni Karni na 22 . . .

Tsarin sunaye dabanGyara

Ba da izini ba, ana iya kiran shekaru a cikin ƙungiyoyi dangane da ɓangarorin ɗaruruwan shekara. A cikin wannan tsarin, ana kiran shekarun 1900-1999 da ɗaruruwan goma sha tara ( 1900s ). Baya ga amfani da Ingilishi, ana amfani da wannan tsarin a cikin Yaren mutanen Sweden, Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Finnish da Hungary . Yaren mutanen Sweden nittonhundratalet (ko 1900-talet ), Danish nittenh boqoletallet (ko 1900-tallet ), Yaren mutanen Norway nittenhundretallet (ko 1900-tallet ), Finnish tuhatyhdeksänsataaluku (ko 1900-luku ) da Hungary ezerkilencszázas évek (ko 1900-as évek ) shekarun 1900-1999.

Italia ma tana da irin wannan tsarin, amma yana bayyana ɗaruruwan kuma yana barin kalmar don “dubu”. Wannan tsarin yafi aiki daga ƙarni na 11 zuwa na 20:

il Quattrocento (wannan shine "ɗari huɗu", karni na 15)
il Cinquecento (wannan shine "ɗari biyar", ƙarni na 16).

Wadannan kalmomin galibi ana amfani dasu a cikin wasu yarukan lokacin da suke magana akan tarihin Italiya .

Makamantan rukuni a cikin sauran tsarin kalandaGyara

Yayin da aka saba amfani da ƙarnin a Yammacin duniya, wasu al'adu da kalandarku sun yi amfani da rukunoni daban-daban na shekaru na irin wannan hanyar. Kalandar Hindu, musamman, ta taƙaita shekarun ta zuwa rukuni 60, yayin da kalandar Aztec ta ɗauki ƙungiyoyi 52.

ManazartaGyara

 

BibliographyGyara

  • Yaƙin ofarni, Ruth Freitag, Ofishin Bugun Gwamnatin Amurka . Akwai daga Sufeto Janar na Takardu, PO Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250- 7954. Bayyana samfurin ba. 030-001-00153-9. An dawo da 3 Maris 2019.


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