Muhajirun (Larabci: المهاجرون, romanized: al-muhājirūn, singular مهاجر, muhājir) su ne farkon wadanda suka musulunta kuma mashawarta da dangin annabi Muhammad, wadanda suka yi hijira tare da shi daga Makka zuwa Madina, taron da aka sani a Musulunci a matsayin Hijira. . Musulman farko daga Madina ana kiransu Ansar ("mataimaka").

Wikidata.svgMuhajirun
group of humans (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na 'Yan gudun hijira
Bangare na Sahabi

A zamanin MuhammaduGyara

Kimanin wata guda bayan harin da Hamzah bai yi nasara ba a farmakin ayarin farko, Muhammad ya ba wani amanar Muhajirun sittin wanda Ubaydah ke jagoranta su sake gudanar da wani aiki a cikin ayarin kuraishawa da ke dawowa daga Siriya kuma maza dari suka ba su kariya. Jagoran wannan ayari shi ne Abu Sufyan bn Harb. Bangaren musulmi ya tafi har zuwa Thanyatul-Murra, wurin shan ruwa a Hejaz. Ba a yi fada ba, domin Quraishawa sun yi nisa da wurin da Musulmai ke shirin kai hari kan ayarin. Amma duk da haka, Sa’ad bn Abi Waqqas ya harbi Kuraishawa da kibiya. An san wannan da kibiyar Musulunci ta farko.[1] Duk da wannan harin na ba-zata, ba a yi faɗa ba kuma Musulmai sun dawo hannu wofi. An yi imanin cewa Ubaydah ne ya fara ɗaukar tutar Musulunci; wasu kuma sun ce Hamzah ne ya fara ɗaukar tutar farko.[2][3][4]

An umurci Sa’ad bn Abi Waqqas da ya jagoranci kai hari na uku. Kungiyarsa ta kunshi kimanin Muhajirai ashirin. An yi wannan samamen ne kusan wata guda bayan na baya. Sa’ad, tare da sojojinsa, sun yi kwanton bauna a kwarin Kharrar a kan hanyar zuwa Makka kuma suna jiran su kai hari kan ayarin Makka mai dawowa daga Siriya. Amma ayarin ya riga ya wuce kuma Musulmai sun koma Madina ba tare da fada ba.[2][3][5][6][7]

Harin na huɗu, wanda aka sani da mamayewar Waddan, shine farmakin farko da Muhammad ya shiga da kansa tare da sojoji 70, galibi Muhajir.[2] An ce watanni goma sha biyu bayan ya koma Madina, Muhammad da kansa ya jagoranci wani ayarin ayarin zuwa Waddan (Al-Abwa). Manufar ita ce ta katse matafiya ta Quraishawa. Bangaren da aka kai harin bai gamu da wani Kuraishawa ba yayin samamen.[3][6]

Harin na biyar, wanda aka fi sani da mamayewar Buwat, shi ma Muhammad ya ba da umarni.[3] Wata daya bayan farmakin da aka kai a al-Abwa, shi da kansa ya jagoranci mutane 200 da suka hada da Muhajirai da Ansar zuwa Bawat, wani wuri akan hanyar matafiya ta 'yan kasuwar Quraishawa. Garken rakuma 1,500, tare da mahaya 100 karkashin jagorancin Umayyah ibn Khalaf, Quraishawa. Manufar wadannan hare -hare shi ne su dawo da abin da suka rasa lokacin da suka yi hijira daga Makka zuwa Madina don gudun zalunci daga kuraishawa saboda yin addininsu. Kuraishawa sun kwace kadarori da kayyakin da Musulmi suka bari suka sayar da wadancan.[4][6][8] Ayarin ya jagoranci Kuraishawa guda 100 kuma rakuma 2,500 na tare da su.[9]

JerinGyara

MazaGyara

  • Hamza bn Abdul-Muttalib, baffan Muhammad
  • Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib, baffan Muhammad, kuma kakan Banu Abbas
  • Salmanul Farisa
  • Bilal bin Rabah
  • Khunais bin Hudhaifa[10]
  • Abu Dharr al-Gifari[11]
  • Miqdad bin Aswad[11]
  • Ammar bin Yasir[11]
  • Abu Buraidah al-Aslami[11]
  • Khalid bin Sa'id[11]

Sunni Rashidun

  • Abubakar, babban sahabi kuma surukin Muhammad. Baban Aisha.
  • Umar, babban abokin sa kuma surukin Muhammad. Baban Hafsa.
  • Uthman, dan uwan ​​na biyu kuma surukin Muhammadu. Mijin Ummu Kulthum & Ruqayyah.
  • Ali, dan uwan ​​kuma surukin Muhammad. Mijin Fatimah.

MataGyara

  • Matan Makkah na Muhammad, ban da Khadija bint Khuwaylid
  • Sawda bint Zamʿa matar Muhammadu ta biyu
  • Aisha ta uku matar Muhammad
  • Fatimah bint Asad, matar Abu Dalib, mahaifiyar Ali, kuma goggon Muhammad
  • Asmā 'bint Abi Bakr, matar Zubairu, kuma surukin Muhammad.
  • Lubaba bint al-Harith, matar Al-'Abbas, kuma inna kuma surukar Muhammad
  • Ummu Ruman, matar Abubakar, kuma surukar Muhammad ta hannun Aisha.

'Ya'yan MuhammadGyara

  • Fatimah, diyar Muhammad kuma matar Aliyu bn Abi Talib
  • Ruqayyah, diyar Muhammad kuma matar Uthman bn Affan
  • Ummu Kulthum, 'yar Muhammad, kuma matar Uthman Ibn Affan
  • Zainab, diyar Muhammad kuma matar Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi '
  • Umamah bint Zainab, babbar diyar Muhammad kuma matar Ali ibn Abi Talib

ManazartaGyara

  1. Template:Hadith-usc
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar p. 127
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Haykal, Husayn (1976), The Life of Muhammad, Islamic Book Trust, pp. 217–218, ISBN 978-983-9154-17-7
  4. 4.0 4.1 Witness Pioneer "Pre-Badr Missions and Invasions"
  5. Mubarakpuri, Sealed Nectar, P 147
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (in Larabci). Islamic Book Trust. Archived from the original on 2012-03-22. Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic. English version here
  7. Muḥammad Ibn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb, Mukhtaṣar zād al-maʻād, p. 345.
  8. Muḥammad Ibn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb, Mukhtaṣar zād al-maʻād, p. 346.
  9. Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar (Free Version), p. 128
  10. IslamWeb
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Peshawar Nights on Al-Islam.org