Amsterdam (lafazi|ˈ|æ|m|s|t|ər|d|æ|m, |ˌ|æ|m|s|t|ər|ˈ|d|æ|m;[1][2] furucci|ɑmstərˈdɑm|) itace Babban Birnin Netherlands kuma mafi yawan birni a kasar Netherlands. Kasantuwar Babban birnin kasar yasamu ne daga tabbacin Constitution of the Netherlands,[3] dukda banan ne inda fadar gwamnatin kasar take ba, wanda a Hague.[4] Amsterdam Nada yawan Mutanen dasuka kai 851,373 acikin birnin, ko kuma 1,351,587 acikin urban area[5] and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area.[6] Birnin na nan ne a province na Arewar Holland a yammacin kasar amma banana ne Babban birnin ba, wadda Haarlem ce. The metropolitan area comprises much of the northern part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, with a population of approximately 8 million.[7]

Globe icon.svgAmsterdam
Flag of Amsterdam (en) Coat of arms of Amsterdam (en)
Flag of Amsterdam (en) Fassara Coat of arms of Amsterdam (en) Fassara
AmsterdamLuchtfotoBmz.jpg

Laƙabi Mokum, מָקוֹם א, Damsko, A'dam, Venetië van het Noorden, Venice of the north da Damsko
Suna saboda causeway (en) Fassara da Amstel (en) Fassara
Wuri
Amsterdam Noord-Holland location map.png
 52°23′N 4°54′E / 52.38°N 4.9°E / 52.38; 4.9
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaKingdom of the Netherlands (en) Fassara
Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (en) FassaraHoland
Province of the Netherlands (en) FassaraNorth Holland (en) Fassara
Municipality of the Netherlands (en) FassaraAmsterdam (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 860,124 (2018)
• Yawan mutane 3,927.51 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Amstelland (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 219 km²
• Ruwa 24.23 %
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Amstel (en) Fassara, IJ (en) Fassara da IJmeer (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara −2 m
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1300 (Gregorian)
Muhimman sha'ani
city fire (en) Fassara (1421 (Gregorian))
siege (en) Fassara
Q3110528 Fassara
Tsarin Siyasa
• Mayor of Amsterdam (en) Fassara Femke Halsema (en) Fassara (12 ga Yuli, 2018)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 1000–1098 da 1100–1109
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 20
BAG residence ID (en) Fassara 3594
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo amsterdam.nl
Twitter: AmsterdamNL Edit the value on Wikidata
Tutar Amsatadam
Tambarin Amstadam

Sunan Amsterdam ansamo sane Daga Kalmar Amstelredamme,[8] wanda me alakanta kafuwar birnin kusa da wani dam dake rafin Amstel. Yafaro amatsayin wani karamin kauyen kamun kifi a run karni na 12th, Amsterdam ta zamanto data Daga cikin muhimman tashar ruwa alokacin Dutch Golden Age (17th century), sakamakon kirkire cigaba a fannin kasuwanci. A wannan lokacin, birnin ne babban cibiyar hada hadar kudade da diamonds.[9] A karni na 19th dana 20th birnin yasamu Karin fadad, sannan sabbin unguwanni da garuruwa an kirkiresu kuma aka ginasu. A karni na 17th-canals of Amsterdam da kuma 19–20th Layin Kariyar Amsterdam suna cikin UNESCO World Heritage List. Tun chanjin babban garin da akayi na Sloten a 1921 daga municipalitin Amsterdam, tsoffin tarihan birnin na nan ne a Sloten (karni na 9th).

As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an alpha world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. The city is also the cultural capital of the Netherlands.[10] Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, including Philips, AkzoNobel, TomTom and ING.[11] Also, many of the world's largest companies are based in Amsterdam or established their European headquarters in the city, such as leading technology companies Uber, Netflix and Tesla.[12] In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)[13] and 12th globally on quality of living for environment and infrastructure by Mercer.[14] The city was ranked 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009.[15] The Port of Amsterdam to this day remains the second in the country, and the fifth largest seaport in Europe.[16] Famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza.

AnazarciGyara

  1. Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180
  2. Roach, Peter (2011), Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521152532
  3. Dutch Wikisource. "Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden" [Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands] (in Dutch). Chapter 2, Article 32. Retrieved 3 July 2013. ... de hoofdstad Amsterdam ...CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. Permanent Mission of the Netherlands to the UN. "General Information". Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  5. "CBS Statline – Population Development; region per month".
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named osamsterdam2015
  7. "Randstad2040; Facts & Figures (p.26)" (in Dutch). VROM. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-12. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  8. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, Vol 1, pp. 896–898.
  9. Cambridge.org, Capitals of Capital -A History of International Financial Centres – 1780–2005, Youssef Cassis, 08033994793.ABA
  10. After Athens in 1888 and Florence in 1986, Amsterdam was in 1986 chosen as the European Capital of Culture, confirming its eminent position in Europe and the Netherlands. See EC.europa.eu for an overview of the European cities and capitals of culture over the years. Archived 14 Disamba 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. Forbes.com, Forbes Global 2000 Largest Companies – Dutch rankings.
  12. "The Next Global Tech Hotspot? Amsterdam Stakes Its Claim".
  13. "Best cities ranking and report" (PDF).
  14. "Best cities in the world (Mercer)". City Mayors. 26 May 2010. Archived from the original on 1 November 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  15. "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings". Innovation-cities.com. 30 July 2009. Archived from the original on 11 September 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  16. "Port Statistics 2015" (PDF) (Press release). Rotterdam Port Authority. May 2016. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2017-02-09. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)