Bamberg (/ˈbæmbɜːrɡ/,[1] Amurka kuma/ˈbɑːmbɛərk/,[2][3] Jamusanci: [ˈbambɛʁk] (saurara)) birni ne, da ke cikin Upper Franconia, Jamus, akan kogin Regnitz kusa da haɗuwarsa da kogin Main. Garin ya samo asali ne tun karni na 9, lokacin da aka samo sunansa daga gidan Babenberch na kusa. Da aka ambata a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun garuruwan Jamus, tsohon garinsa ya kasance wurin Tarihin Duniya na UNESCO tun 1993, tare da Bamberg gida ne ga katangar tsohon birni mafi girma a Turai.

Globe icon.svgBamberg
Flagge Bamberg.svg Coat of arms of the city of Bamberg (en)
Coat of arms of the city of Bamberg (en) Fassara
Altes Rathaus (Bamberg) 10.JPG

Wuri
Bavaria BA (town).svg
 49°53′30″N 10°53′30″E / 49.8917°N 10.8917°E / 49.8917; 10.8917
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaJamus
Federal state of Germany (en) FassaraBavaria (en) Fassara
Regierungsbezirk (en) FassaraUpper Franconia (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Mainkreis (en) Fassara (1808–1812)
Bamberg (en) Fassara (1868–)
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 77,592 (2019)
• Yawan mutane 1,420.58 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Stimmkreis Bamberg-Stadt (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 54.62 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Regnitz (en) Fassara da Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 262 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Bamberg (en) Fassara
Tsarin Siyasa
• Shugaban gwamnati Andreas Starke (en) Fassara (1 Mayu 2006)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 96001 da 96052
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 0951
NUTS code DE241
German regional key (en) Fassara 094610000000
German municipality key (en) Fassara 09461000
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo stadt.bamberg.de
Twitter: Bamberg_de Edit the value on Wikidata

Daga karni na 10 zuwa gaba, Bamberg ya zama babbar hanyar haɗi tare da al'ummomin Slav, musamman na Poland da Pomerania. Ta samu babban ci gaba tun daga karni na 12 zuwa gaba, wanda a lokacin ya kasance tsakiyar Daular Rum a takaice. An kuma binne sarki Henry II a tsohon garin, tare da matarsa ​​Kunigunde. Gine-ginen garin daga wannan lokacin ya yi tasiri sosai a Arewacin Jamus da Hungary. Daga tsakiyar karni na 13 zuwa gaba, bishop ya zama sarakunan daular[4] kuma sun yi mulkin Bamberg, suna kula da gine-ginen gine-gine. An haɓaka wannan haɓakar ta hanyar samun babban yanki na ƙididdigar Meran a cikin 1248 da 1260 ta wurin gani, wani ɓangare ta hanyar siye da wani ɓangare ta hanyar rabon fifs ɗin da aka kashe.

Bamberg ya rasa 'yancin kai a cikin 1802, bayan da aka mayar da ƙasar coci, ya zama wani yanki na Bavaria a 1803. An fara haɗa garin da tsarin layin dogo na Jamus a 1844, wanda ya kasance muhimmin ɓangare na abubuwan more rayuwa tun daga lokacin. Bayan boren gurguzu ya mamaye Bavaria a cikin shekarun bayan yakin duniya na daya, gwamnatin jihar ta gudu zuwa Bamberg ta zauna a can kusan shekaru biyu kafin sassan Freikorps su karbe babban birnin Bavaria na Munich (duba Bavarian Soviet Republic). An zartar da kundin tsarin mulkin jamhuriya ta farko ta Bavaria a Bamberg, wanda aka fi sani da Bamberger Verfassung (Tsarin Mulkin Bamberg).

Bayan yakin duniya na biyu, Bamberg ya kasance muhimmin tushe ga Bavaria, Jamusanci, sannan sojojin Amurka da aka jibge a Barrack Warner, wanda kawai ya rufe a cikin 2014.

TarihiGyara

Historical affiliations
  Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg 1245–1802

  Holy Roman Empire (en)   1802–1805
  German Empire (en)   1806–1871
{{country data German Empire}} 1871–1918
  German Reich (en)   1918–1933
  German Reich (en)   1933–1945
  Jamus 1945–1949
  Jamus ta Yamma 1949–1990

  Jamus 1990–present
 
Karni na 17 3D-taswirar Bamberg. Matthias Merian a Danckerts, Historis, 1632.

A cikin ƙarni na baya-bayan Roman na ƙaura da zama na Jamus, yankin daga baya ya haɗa da Diocese na Bamberg galibi Slavs ne suka zauna. Garin, wanda aka fara ambata a cikin 902, ya girma ta gidan sarauta Babenberch wanda ya ba da suna ga dangin Babenberg. A kan bacewar su, ya wuce gidan Saxon.[4] Sufaye na Benedictine Fulda Abbey ya zama Kirista musamman yankin, kuma ƙasar tana ƙarƙashin ikon ruhaniya na Diocese na Würzburg.

A cikin 1007, Sarkin Roma Mai Tsarki Henry II ya mai da Bamberg gadon iyali, wurin zama na diocese daban. Manufar Sarkin a cikin wannan shi ne don mayar da Diocese na Würzburg rashin ƙarfi a girman da kuma ba da Kiristanci mai karfi a gundumomin Franconia, gabashin Bamberg. A shekara ta 1008, bayan doguwar tattaunawa da limaman cocin Würzburg da Eichstätt, wadanda za su raba wasu sassan majami'unsu, an bayyana iyakokin sabuwar diocese, kuma Paparoma John XVIII ya ba da tabbacin Paparoma a cikin wannan shekarar. Henry II ya ba da umarnin gina sabon babban coci, wanda aka keɓe ranar 6 ga Mayu, 1012. Cocin ya wadata da kyaututtuka daga Paparoma, kuma Henry ya keɓe shi don girmama shi. A cikin 1017 Henry kuma ya kafa Michaelsberg Abbey a kan Michaelsberg ("Mount St. Michael"), kusa da Bamberg, gidan gidan Benedictine don horar da malamai. Sarkin da matarsa ​​Kunigunde sun ba wa sabuwar diocese manyan abubuwa na wucin gadi, kuma ta sami gata da yawa waɗanda daga cikinsu suka haɓaka ikon bishop na duniya. Paparoma Benedict na VIII ya ziyarci Bamberg a cikin 1020[5] don ganawa da Henry II don tattaunawa game da Daular Roma Mai Tsarki. Yayin da yake nan ya sanya diocese bisa dogaro kai tsaye ga Mai Tsarki. Shi ma da kansa ya tsarkake wasu majami'un Bamberg. Na ɗan lokaci Bamberg ya kasance cibiyar daular Roma mai tsarki. An binne Henry da Kunigunde a babban cocin.

 
Itace daga Bamberg daga Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493
 
Bamberg Cathedral
 
Schlenkerla, ɗaya daga cikin wuraren sayar da giya da gidajen abinci na Bamberg.
 
Tsohon Fadar (Alte Hofhaltung)

Daga tsakiyar karni na 13 zuwa gaba, bishop ya zama sarakunan daular[4] kuma sun yi mulkin Bamberg, suna kula da gine-ginen gine-gine. A cikin 1248 da 1260 gani ɗin ya sami babban yanki na kadarorin Counts na Meran, wani ɓangare ta hanyar siye da wani ɓangare ta hanyar keɓancewar fif ɗin da aka kashe. Tsohon Bishopric na Bamberg ya ƙunshi wani yanki mara karye daga Schlüsselfeld a arewa maso gabas zuwa dajin Franconian, kuma yana da ƙarin kadarori a Duchies na Carinthia da Salzburg, a cikin Nordgau (Upper Palatinate na yanzu), a Thuringia, da kuma na Danube. Ta wurin sauye-sauyen da aka samu daga gyare-gyaren, yankin wannan gani an rage kusan rabin gwargwado. Tun 1279 an san rigar makamai na birnin Bamberg a cikin hanyar hatimi.

Gwajin mayu na ƙarni na 17 ya yi da’awar kimanin mutane dubu ɗaya da aka kashe a Bamberg, wanda ya kai kololuwa tsakanin 1626 da 1631, a ƙarƙashin mulkin Yarima-Bishop Johann Georg II Fuchs von Dornheim.[6] Shahararren Drudenhaus ( kurkukun mayya), wanda aka gina a 1627, ba ya nan a yau; duk da haka, cikakkun bayanai na wasu lokuta, kamar na Johannes Junius, sun kasance.[7]

A cikin 1647, an kafa Jami'ar Bamberg azaman Academia Bambergensis.[8]

Bambrzy (Posen Bambergers) 'yan sandan Jamus ne waɗanda suka fito daga mazauna yankin Bamberg waɗanda suka zauna a ƙauyuka da ke kusa da Poznań a cikin shekaru 1719-1753.

A cikin 1759, an sayar da dukiyoyi da hukunce-hukuncen diocese a Ostiriya zuwa waccan jihar. Lokacin da aka wayi gari da masu zaman kansu na coci (1802) diocese ta rufe 3,305 km2 (1,276 sq mi) kuma tana da yawan jama'a 207,000. Don haka Bamberg ya rasa 'yancin kai a 1802, ya zama wani ɓangare na Bavaria a 1803.

An fara haɗa Bamberg zuwa tsarin jirgin ƙasa na Jamus a cikin 1844, wanda ya kasance muhimmin ɓangare na abubuwan more rayuwa tun daga lokacin. Bayan boren gurguzu ya mamaye Bavaria a cikin shekarun bayan yakin duniya na daya, gwamnatin jihar ta gudu zuwa Bamberg ta zauna a can kusan shekaru biyu kafin sassan Freikorps su karbe babban birnin Bavaria na Munich (duba Bavarian Soviet Republic). An zartar da kundin tsarin mulkin jamhuriya ta farko ta Bavaria a Bamberg, wanda aka fi sani da Bamberger Verfassung (Tsarin Mulkin Bamberg).

A watan Fabrairun 1926 Bamberg ya zama wurin taron Bamberg, wanda Adolf Hitler ya kira a yunƙurinsa na haɓaka haɗin kai da kuma murkushe adawa a cikin jam'iyyar Nazi ta matasa a lokacin. An zaɓi Bamberg don wurin da yake a Upper Franconia, kusa da gidajen membobin ƙungiyar Nazi ta arewa masu adawa amma har yanzu a cikin Bavaria.

A cikin 1973, garin ya yi bikin cika shekaru 1,000 da kafuwar sa.

Yawan jama'a na tarihiGyara

Shekara Yawan jama'a
1818 17,000
1885 31,521
1905 45,308
Manyan ƙungiyoyin mazauna ƙasashen waje
Dan kasa Yawan jama'a (2013)
Turkiyya 1,076
Italiya 359
Girka 232
Portugal 119
Spain 115

Labarin ƙasaGyara

Bamberg yana cikin Franconia, mai tazarar kilomita 63 (39 mi) arewa da Nuremberg ta hanyar jirgin ƙasa da 101 km (63 mi) gabashin Würzburg, kuma ta jirgin ƙasa. Yana kan kogin Regnitz, kilomita 3 (1.9 mi) kafin ya kwarara cikin Babban kogin.

Yanayin yanayinsa yana da siffa ta hanyar Regnitz da kuma tsaunin Steigerwald, wani yanki na tsaunukan Jamus. Daga arewa maso gabas zuwa kudu maso yamma, an raba garin zuwa farkon filin Regnitz, sannan ɗayan manyan tsibirai da yawa da yawa waɗanda makamai biyu na Regnitz (Inselstadt) suka kirkira, kuma a ƙarshe ɓangaren garin kan tsaunuka, “Tudun Gari” (Bergstadt).

Duwatsu bakwai na BambergGyara

Bamberg ya shimfida sama da tsaunuka bakwai, kowanne coci ya yi rawani. Wannan ya haifar da Bamberg ana kiransa "Romawa Franconiya" - ko da yake wasan barkwanci tsakanin jagororin yawon shakatawa na Bamberg shine a koma Rome a maimakon "Bamberg Italiyanci". Tuddan sune Cathedral Hill, Michaelsberg, Kaulberg/Obere Pfarre, Stefansberg, Jakobsberg, Altenburger Hill da Abtsberg.

YanayinGyara

Yanayi a wannan yanki yana da ɗan bambanci tsakanin sama da ƙasa, kuma ana samun isasshen ruwan sama duk shekara. Tsarin yanayin Köppen na wannan yanayin shine "Cfb" (Yanayin Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic weather), tare da wani tasiri na nahiyar kamar yadda aka nuna ta matsakaicin yanayin sanyi na dare da ke ƙasa da sifili.[9]

Climate data for Bamberg (1981–2010)
Watan Janairu Fabrairu Maris Afrilu Mayu Yuni Yuli Ogusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba Disamba Shekara
Record high °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
19.9
(67.8)
24.4
(75.9)
31.8
(89.2)
33.3
(91.9)
35.5
(95.9)
37.9
(100.2)
38.3
(100.9)
33.3
(91.9)
27.6
(81.7)
21.9
(71.4)
16.0
(60.8)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
4.7
(40.5)
9.5
(49.1)
14.8
(58.6)
19.7
(67.5)
22.5
(72.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
19.8
(67.6)
14.1
(57.4)
7.3
(45.1)
3.6
(38.5)
14.0
(57.2)
Average low °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.2
(32.4)
3.1
(37.6)
7.6
(45.7)
10.7
(51.3)
12.7
(54.9)
12.2
(54.0)
8.6
(47.5)
5.0
(41.0)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.4
(40.0)
Record low °C (°F) −29.7
(−21.5)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−9.7
(14.5)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.4
(34.5)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
−7.5
(18.5)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−29.7
(−21.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.1
(1.85)
39.0
(1.54)
49.4
(1.94)
41.5
(1.63)
64.4
(2.54)
61.4
(2.42)
78.0
(3.07)
55.3
(2.18)
56.8
(2.24)
51.1
(2.01)
51.9
(2.04)
55.0
(2.17)
650.9
(25.63)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 51.2 81.3 112.3 170.4 208.8 211.2 226.5 213.3 155.6 105.0 48.8 39.6 1,624
Source: Météoclimat

Tattalin ArzikiGyara

A cikin 2013 (bayanan da aka samu) GDP na kowane mazaunin ya kasance €56,723. Wannan ya sanya gunduma ta 10 daga cikin gundumomi 96 (na karkara da birane) a cikin Bavaria (matsakaicin gabaɗaya: €39,691).[10]

Abubuwan jan hankaliGyara

 
Dokin Bamberg, alamar gida.
 
Michaelsberg Abbey
 
zauren garin (Rathaus), Bayanin

Garin Bamberg an rubuta shi a cikin jerin abubuwan tarihi na UNESCO a cikin 1993 saboda tsarinsa na da da kuma kyawawan gine-ginensa na tarihi. Tun tsakiyar zamanai, ana yin aikin lambu a birane a Bamberg. Gundumar Masu Lambun Kasuwa tare da Birni a kan tuddai da Gundumar Tsibiri wani muhimmin yanki ne na Gidan Tarihi na Duniya. A cikin 2005, Municipality ya kafa naúrar don daidaita aiwatar da Yarjejeniyar Tarihi ta Duniya a Bamberg. A cikin 2019, an buɗe baƙo da cibiyar fassara don Gidan Tarihi na Duniya.

Wasu daga cikin manyan abubuwan gani sune:

  • Cathedral na Bamberg (1237), tare da kaburburan Emperor Henry II da Paparoma Clement II.
  • Alte Hofhaltung, wurin zama na bishops a ƙarni na 16 da 17
  • Neue Residenz, mazaunin bishop bayan karni na 17
  • Laburare na Jihar Bamberg a cikin Sabon Gidan zama
  • Tsohon zauren gari (1386), wanda aka gina a tsakiyar kogin Regnitz, gada biyu ke samun damar shiga
  • Klein-Venedig ("Little Venice"), wani yanki ne na gidajen masunta daga karni na 19 tare da wani bankin kogin Regnitz.
  • Michaelsberg Abbey, wanda aka gina a karni na 12 akan ɗayan Bamberg's "Bakwai Hills"
  • Altenburg, castle, tsohon wurin zama na bishops

Cathedral

Bamberg Cathedral marigayi ginin Romanesque ne mai hasumiya hudu. An kafa shi a shekara ta 1004 da Sarkin sarakuna Henry II, ya ƙare a 1012[3] kuma ya tsarkake shi a ranar 6 ga Mayu 1012. Daga baya an lalata shi da wuta a cikin 1081. Sabon Cathedral, wanda Saint Otto na Bamberg ya gina, an keɓe shi a cikin 1111 kuma a cikin karni na 13. ya karɓi sigar ta na ƙarshen-Romanesque na yanzu.

Altenburg

 
Bamberg Altenburg

IlimiGyara

Jami'ar Bamberg, mai suna Otto-Friedrich University, tana ba da ilimi mafi girma a fannonin kimiyyar zamantakewa, nazarin kasuwanci da zamantakewa, kuma dalibai fiye da 13,000 ke halarta. Jami'ar Kimiyyar Aiwatar da Bamberg tana ba da ilimi mafi girma a fannonin lafiyar jama'a. Bamberg kuma gida ne ga makarantun sakandare guda takwas (dakunan motsa jiki):

  • Clavius-Gymnasium
  • Dientzenhofer-Gymnasium
  • Eichendorff-Gymnasium
  • E.T.A. Hoffmann-Gymnasium
  • Franz-Ludwig-Gymnasium
  • Kaiser-Heinrich-Gymnasium
  • Maria-Ward-Gymnasium
  • Theresianum

Haka kuma akwai sauran cibiyoyi masu yawa na firamare, sakandare, fasaha, sana'a da manyan makarantu.

 
Cranes a cikin tashar jiragen ruwa na Bamberg

Fitattun mutaneGyara

 
Louis-Alexandre Berthier 1808

A-KGyara

  • Annette von Aretin (1920 – 2006), mai shelar talabijin ta farko na Bayerischer Rundfunk.
  • Carl Adam Bader, (1789 a Bamberg; † 1870 a Berlin), tenor
  • Lisa Badum
  • Dorothee Bär (an haife ta a shekara ta 1978), Memba na Majalisar (CSU), Sakataren Jiha na Ministan Sufuri da Kayayyakin Dijital na Tarayya.
  • Wilhelm Batz, (1916-1988), Luftwaffe, ace
  • Louis-Alexandre Berthier, (1753-1815), Shugaban Ma'aikatan Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Joachim Camerarius (1500-1574), ɗan adam, polymath da mawaƙi
  • Claudia Ciesla, (an haife ta a shekara ta 1987), 'yar wasan Poland-Jamus
  • Paparoma Clement II, (ya mutu 1047), bishop na Bamberg daga 1040 zuwa 1046
  • Christopher Clavius, (1538-1612), masanin lissafi, astronomer da Jesuit.
  • Conrad III na Jamus, (1093-1152), Sarkin Jamus
  • Cunigunde na Luxembourg, (c. 975–1040), uwargidan sarki, mai mulkin Daular Roman Mai Tsarki kuma matar Henry II.
  • Stefan Dassler (an haife shi a shekara ta 1962), marubucin da ba na almara ba
  • Günther Denzler (an haife shi a shekara ta 1948), tsohon shugaban gundumar Bamberg (CSU)
  • Karlheinz Deschner (1924-2014), marubuci kuma mai sukar addini da coci
  • Gottfried Diener (1907-1987), masanin ilimin kimiyya da bincike na Goethe
  • Ignaz Dollinger (1770-1841), likita
  • Ignaz von Dollinger (1799-1890), muhimmin masanin tauhidin Katolika da tarihin coci
  • Curt Echtermeyer, wanda kuma aka sani da Curt Bruckner (1896-1971), mai zane.
  • Erich Ebermayer (1900-1970), marubuci
  • Hans Ehard (1887-1980), lauya kuma ɗan siyasa
  • Günter Faltin (an haife shi a shekara ta 1944), malamin jami'a
  • Heinrich Finck (1444-1527), madugu kuma mawaki
  • Klaus-Dieter Fritsche (an haife shi a shekara ta 1953), masanin shari'a kuma ɗan siyasa (CSU),
  • Karl von Gareis (1844-1923), lauya kuma marubuci, memba na Reichstag
  • Nora-Eugenie Gomringer, (an haife ta a shekara ta 1980), mawaki kuma marubuci
  • Thomas Gottschalk (an haife shi a shekara ta 1950), mai gudanarwa, mai gabatar da talabijin, ɗan wasan kwaikwayo
  • Lukas Görtler (an haife shi a shekara ta 1994), ɗan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa ne
  • Hans Grassmann (an haife shi a shekara ta 1960), masanin kimiyyar lissafi kuma marubuci
  • Joseph Heller (1798-1849), mai tarawa, a yau Helleriana a cikin Laburaren Jihar Bamberg
  • Karl Höller (1907-1987), mawaki
  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, (1770-1831), masanin falsafar Jamus.
  • Henry II, (973-1024), Sarkin Roma Mai Tsarki
  • E.T.A. Hoffmann, (1776-1822), marubucin Jamusanci kuma marubuci
  • Joachim Jung (an haife shi a shekara ta 1951), mai fasaha
  • Harry Koch (an haife shi a shekara ta 1969), ɗan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa ne
  • Lorenz Krapp (1882-1947), lauya, mawaƙi kuma ɗan siyasa (BVP, CSU)
  • Dieter Kunzelmann (an haife shi a shekara ta 1939), ɗan majalisa kuma ɗan gwagwarmayar hagu
  • Paul Lautensack (1478-1558), mai zane kuma organist

L-ZGyara

 
Emil Marschalk von Ostheim 1903
  • Paul Maar, (an haife shi a shekara ta 1937), marubucin Jamus kuma marubuci
  • Emil Marschalk von Ostheim (1841-1903), masanin tarihi kuma mai tarawa.
  • Duke Maximilian Joseph a Bavaria, a zahiri Duke Maximilian Joseph a Bavaria (1808-1888), mai tallata kiɗan jama'ar Bavaria a ƙarni na 19.
  • Willy Messerschmitt (1898-1978), mai zanen jirgin sama na Jamus, Flugzeugbau Messerschmitt GmbH
  • Wolf-Dieter Montag (1924-2018), likitan Jamus, ƙwararren likitancin wasanni, likitan ceton dutse, da mai kula da wasanni na duniya.
  • Christina Morhaubt, wanda aka samu da laifin maita kuma an yanke mata hukumcin kisa ta hanyar ƙonewa a 1627 a lokacin gwajin mayya na Bamberg.
  • Martin Münz (1785-1848), masanin ilimin halitta kuma farfesa
  • Ida Noddack-Tacke, (1896-1978), masanin ilmin sunadarai da physicist; ta gano kashi 75, rhenium
  • Christopher Park (an haife shi a shekara ta 1987), ɗan wasan pian
  • Fiona Parker (1991), wacce ta samu lambar azurfa ta Olympic
  • Bernd Redmann (an haife shi a shekara ta 1965), mawaki kuma masanin kiɗa
  • Mike Rose, (1932-2006), mai zane, saiti kuma marubuci
  • Gerd Schaller (an haife shi a shekara ta 1965), shugaba
  • Rainer Schaller (an haife shi 1969), ɗan kasuwa kuma wanda ya kafa McFit Fitness GmbH.
  • Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (1907-1944), wani jami'in Jamus wanda ya yi ƙoƙari ya kashe mai mulkin Jamus Adolf Hitler a cikin makirci na Yuli 20.
  • Berthold Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (an haife shi a shekara ta 1934), tsohon Janar na Bundeswehr.
  • Franz-Ludwig Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (an haife shi a shekara ta 1938), tsohon ɗan majalisar Bavaria na Turai.
  • Ritter Josef von Schmitt (1838-1907), Bajamushe mai martaba, Shugaban Kotu na Masarautar Bavaria, mai ba da shawara ga Yarima Luitpold na Bavaria, dan majalisa mai zaman kansa kuma ɗan ƙasa mai daraja na birnin Bamberg.
  • Gottfried von Schmitt (1827-1908), ɗan Jamus mai daraja, memba na Kotun Koli kuma memba na Babban Majalisar Bavaria.
  • Josef Schmitt (1875-1944), ɗan Jamus mai daraja kuma ɗan majalisa mai zaman kansa.
  • Gottfried Schmitt (1865-1919), ɗan siyasan Jamus
  • Josh Shipp, (1986-yanzu), ƙwararren ɗan wasan kwando na Brose Baskets Bamberg
  • Tom Schütz (an haife shi a shekara ta 1988), ɗan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa ne
  • Sven Schultze (an haife shi a shekara ta 1978) shi ne ɗan wasan ƙwallon kwando
  • Karsten Tadda (an haife shi a shekara ta 1988) shi ne ɗan wasan ƙwallon kwando
  • Karl Borromäus Thumann (1820-1874), masanin tauhidin Jamus
  • Oscar Wassermann (1869-1934), ma'aikacin banki na Jamus
  • Andrew Wooten (an haife shi a shekara ta 1989) shi ne ɗan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa ta ƙasar Jamus
  • Karl Friedrich Gottlob Wetzel, (1779-1819), marubuci kuma mai zane Fränkischer Merku.

HotunaGyara

ManazartaGyara

  1. "Bamberg". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  2. Template:Cite American Heritage Dictionary
  3. 3.0 3.1 Template:Cite Merriam-Webster
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bamberg". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 301–302.
  5. Dengler-Schreibe, Karin (2002). Bamberg – For Newcomers and old friends. Reference to the visit to Bamberg by Pope Benedict VIII in 1020. Heinrichs-Verlag GmbH, Bamberg. p. 7. ISBN 9783898891066.
  6. "Im Bund mit dem Teufel". Anfang des 17. Jahrhunderts wurden in Bamberg binnen 20 Jahren tausend Menschen verbrannt, weil sie angeblich einen Bund mit dem Teufel geschlossen hatten.
  7. "The Witch Persecution at Bamberg". Hanover College. Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007. On Wednesday, June 28, 1628, was examined without torture Johannes Junius, Burgomaster at Bamberg, on the charge of witch-craft: how and in what fashion he had fallen into that vice. Is fifty-five years old, and was born at Niederwaysich in the Wetterau. Says he is wholly innocent, knows nothing of the crime has never in his life renounced God: says that he is wronged hefore God and the world, would like to hear of a single human being who has seen him at such gatherings [as the witch-sabbaths].
  8. "The University of Bamberg and its Surroundings - Studies".
  9. "Bamberg, Germany Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  10. "VGR der Länder, Kreisergebnisse für Deutschland – Bruttoinlandsprodukt, Bruttowertschöpfung in den kreisfreien Städten und Landkreisen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2000 bis 2013 (German)". Statistische Ämter der Länder und des Bundes. Retrieved 1 June 2016.