Asibiti

wurin kula da marasa lafiya

Asibiti wani waje ne da ake [1]ginawa, don kula da marasa lafiya wato masu jinya. Wanda a Asibiti ne ake samun magani da likita da kuma majinyata da dai sauran abubuwa da suka shafi asibiti.[2]Likita shine mai duba lafiyar marasa lafiya a asibiti.[3]

Asibiti
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na institution (en) Fassara, medical organization (en) Fassara da medical facility (en) Fassara
Bangare na health system (en) Fassara
Office held by head of the organization (en) Fassara hospital chief executive officer (en) Fassara
Merchant Category Code (en) Fassara 8062
NCI Thesaurus ID (en) Fassara C16696
asibitin Yara a wata ƙasa
Asibiti
Cikin wani babban asibiti

Asibiti cibiyar kula da lafiya ce da ke ba da jinya ga marasa lafiya tare da ƙwararrun kimiyyar kiwon lafiya da ƙarin ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya da kayan aikin likita.[4] Mafi sanannun nau'in asibiti shine babban asibiti, wanda yawanci yana da sashin gaggawa don magance matsalolin kiwon lafiya na gaggawa tun daga masu gobara da haɗari zuwa rashin lafiya na kwatsam. Asibitin gundumomi galibi shine babban wurin kula da lafiya a yankinsa, tare da gadaje masu yawa don kulawa mai zurfi da ƙarin gadaje ga marasa lafiya waɗanda ke buƙatar kulawa na dogon lokaci. Asibitoci na musamman sun haɗa da cibiyoyin rauni, asibitocin gyarawa, asibitocin yara, asibitocin tsofaffi (geriatric), da asibitoci don magance takamaiman buƙatun likita kamar maganin tabin hankali (duba asibitin mahaukata) da wasu nau'ikan cututtuka. Asibitoci na musamman na iya taimakawa wajen rage farashin kula da lafiya idan aka kwatanta da asibitocin gabaɗaya.[5]An rarraba asibitoci a matsayin na gaba ɗaya, na musamman, ko gwamnati dangane da hanyoyin samun kuɗin shiga.

Asibitin koyarwa yana haɗa taimako ga mutane tare da koyarwa ga ɗaliban kimiyyar kiwon lafiya da kuma ƙarin ɗaliban kiwon lafiya. Cibiyar kimiyyar kiwon lafiya da ta fi asibiti yawanci ana kiranta da asibiti. Asibitoci suna da sassa dabam-dabam (misali tiyata da kulawar gaggawa) da rukunin ƙwararru kamar ilimin zuciya. Wasu asibitocin suna da sassan marasa lafiya, wasu kuma suna da sassan kula da marasa lafiya. Rukunin tallafi na gama gari sun haɗa da kantin magani, ilimin cututtuka, da ilimin rediyo.

Asibitoci yawanci ana samun kuɗaɗen kuɗin jama'a, ƙungiyoyin kiwon lafiya (na riba ko ƙungiyoyin sa-kai), kamfanonin inshorar lafiya, ko ƙungiyoyin agaji, gami da gudummawar agaji kai tsaye. A tarihi, ana yawan kafa asibitoci kuma ana ba da kuɗaɗe ta hanyar umarni na addini, ko kuma daidaikun mutane da shugabanni na agaji.[6]

A halin yanzu, asibitocin suna da ƙwararrun likitoci, likitocin fiɗa, ma’aikatan jinya, da abokan aikin kiwon lafiya, yayin da a da, waɗanda suka kafa odar addini ko kuma masu sa kai suke yin wannan aikin. Koyaya, akwai umarni na addini na Katolika iri-iri, irin su Alexians da Bon Secours Sisters waɗanda har yanzu suna mai da hankali kan hidimar asibiti a ƙarshen 1990s, da kuma wasu ƙungiyoyin Kirista da yawa, gami da Methodist da Lutherans, waɗanda ke gudanar da asibitoci [7]. Dangane da ainihin ma’anar kalmar, asibitoci sun kasance na asali “wuraren baƙi”, kuma har yanzu ana kiyaye wannan ma’anar a cikin sunayen wasu cibiyoyi irin su Royal Hospital Chelsea, wanda aka kafa a 1681 a matsayin gidan ritaya da kula da tsofaffin sojoji. .

Manazarta gyara sashe

  1. https://hausa.legit.ng/news/1441087-shugaba-buhari-ya-amince-a-gina-asibiti-mai-gado-14-a-kudi-n214bn-a-aso-villa/
  2. "Wani kare ya kai kansa asibiti domin jinya". bbc hausa. 28 March 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  3. https://dailynigerian.com/hausa/kwantar-mutane-asibiti/
  4. “Hospitals". World Health Organization. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  5. "India's 'production line' heart hospital". bbcnews.com. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 13 October2013.
  6. Hall, Daniel (December 2008). "Altar and Table: A phenomenology of the surgeon-priest". Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 81 (4): 193–98. PMC 2605310. PMID 19099050. Although physicians were available in varying capacities in ancient Rome and Athens, the institution of a hospital dedicated to the care of the sick was a distinctly Christian innovation rooted in the monastic virtue and practise of hospitality. Arranged around the monastery were concentric rings of buildings in which the life and work of the monastic community was ordered. The outer ring of buildings served as a hostel in which travellers were received and boarded. The inner ring served as a place where the monastic community could care for the sick, the poor and the infirm. Monks were frequently familiar with the medicine available at that time, growing medicinal plants on the monastery grounds and applying remedies as indicated. As such, many of the practicing physicians of the Middle Ages were also clergy.
  7. Lovoll, Odd (1998). A Portrait of Norwegian Americans Today. U of Minnesota Press. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-8166-2832-2.