Bayan takaitaccen nasara da koma baya a Gabas ta Tsakiya, makarantar āhirī ta bunkasa a cikin halifancin Cordoba (Al-Andalus, Spain da Portugal a yau), musamman karkashin jagorancin Ibn Hazm, wanda littafinsa Al-Muhalla ke kallon adiwalu al. fiqhi dhahiri (maganin mazhabar Ẓāhirī)[1]. An ce mabanbanta cewa ya kasance "ya rayu tsawon shekaru kusan 500 a nau'o'i daban-daban" kafin a "hade shi da mazhabar Hanbalī", [2] amma kuma an sake farfado da shi a tsakiyar karni na 20 a wasu yankuna na duniyar musulmi. 3][4][5] [1]

  1. M. Mahmood, The Code of Muslim Family Laws, p. 37. Pakistan Law Times Publications, 2006. 6th ed.