ThinkPad ya kasan ce wani layi ne wanda na kwamfyutocin kasuwanci masu dacewa da kasuwanci da allunan da Lenovo / IBM suka tsara, suka haɓaka da tallata su. IBM ya fara siyar da shi har zuwa 2005. ThinkPads suna da baƙar fata, harshe ƙirar boxy, wanda aka yi wahayi da shi daga akwatin abincin rana na Japan, wanda ya samo asali a 1990 kuma har yanzu ana amfani da shi a wasu samfura.[1]

Wikidata.svgThinkPad
brand (en) Fassara da computer model series (en) Fassara
Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Ultrabook (Nov 16, 2012).png
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na laptop (en) Fassara da netbook (en) Fassara
Farawa Oktoba 1992
Mabiyi IBM PS/2 Note (en) Fassara da IBM PS/55 Note (en) Fassara
Manufacturer (en) Fassara Lenovo (en) Fassara
CPU (en) Fassara Intel Core (en) Fassara, AMD Accelerated Processing Unit (en) Fassara da Xeon (en) Fassara
GPU (en) Fassara Radeon (en) Fassara, Radeon Pro (en) Fassara, GeForce (en) Fassara da Nvidia Quadro (en) Fassara
Developer (en) Fassara Lenovo (en) Fassara, IBM (en) Fassara, LG Corporation da Acer Inc. (en) Fassara
Operating system (en) Fassara Microsoft Windows da Linux (en) Fassara
Shafin yanar gizo lenovo.com…

An fara samar da layin ThinkPad a IBM Yamato Facility a Japan, kuma aka saki ThinkPads na farko a watan Oktoba 1992.

ThinkPads sun ga babban nasara a kasuwar kasuwanci. An yi amfani da kwamfyutocin ThinkPad a sararin samaniya kuma shekaru da yawa sune kawai kwamfyutocin kwamfyutocin da aka tabbatar don amfani akan tashar sararin samaniya ta duniya,[2]

TarihiGyara

An haɓaka ThinkPad don yin gasa tare da Toshiba da Compaq, waɗanda suka ƙirƙiri litattafan rubutu na hannu guda biyu na farko, tare da mai da hankali kan siyarwa zuwa Makarantar Kasuwancin Harvard. An ba da aikin ƙirƙirar littafin rubutu ga Yamato Facility a Japan, wanda Arimasa Naitoh,[3] injiniyan Japan da mai zanen samfur wanda ya shiga IBM a shekarun 1970, wanda yanzu ake kira "Uban ThinkPad"[4][5][6][7]

 
Littafin rubutu na asali na IBM THINK (a sama), wanda ya yi wahayi zuwa sunan kwamfutar tafi -da -gidanka, da bayanin bayanin kula na ƙaramin rubutu (a ƙasa)

Sunan "ThinkPad" ya samo asali ne daga tarihin kamfanoni da al'adun IBM. Thomas J. Watson, Sr., ya fara gabatar da "TUNANI" a matsayin taken IBM a shekarun 1920. Tare da kowane minicomputer da mainframe, an shigar da IBM (kusan duk an yi hayar su - ba a sayar ba), an sanya alamar filastik shuɗi a saman na’urar sadarwa, tare da rubutun “Ka yi tunani” da aka buga a farantin aluminum.

Shekaru da yawa IBM ya kuma rarraba ƙananan takaddun rubutu tare da kalmar "TUNANIN" wanda aka zana akan murfin leatherette mai launin ruwan kasa ga abokan ciniki da ma'aikata.[8] Ma'aikacin IBM Denny Wainwright ne ya ba da shawarar sunan "ThinkPad", wanda ke da irin wannan takarda a aljihunsa. [9][10] Kwamitin suna na kamfanin IBM ya ki amincewa da sunan saboda duk sunayen kwamfutocin IBM adadi ne a wancan lokacin, amma an ajiye “ThinkPad” saboda yabo daga ‘yan jarida da jama’a. [11]

Samfuran farkoGyara

A cikin watan Afrilu 1992, IBM ya sanar da samfurin ThinkPad na farko, 700, daga baya ya sake suna 700T bayan fitowar sabbin sababbin samfura guda uku, 300, (sabo) 700 da 700C a watan Oktoba 1992.[10] 700T kwamfuta ce ta kwamfutar hannu.[12][13]

Wannan inji ita ce samfurin farko da aka samar a ƙarƙashin sabon dabarun "keɓantattun samfuran samfuran" na IBM, haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Sapper da Tom Hardy, shugaban shirin ƙirar IBM na kamfani. [14][15] [16] Haɓaka 700C kuma ya haɗa da alaƙar aiki tsakanin Sapper da Kazuhiko Yamazaki, jagorar mai tsara littafin rubutu a Cibiyar ƙirar Yamato ta IBM a Japan da kuma haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Injin Sapper da Yamato. [14] [16]

Wannan haɗin gwiwar "kafin Intanet" tsakanin 1990-1992 tsakanin Italiya da Japan ya sami sauƙaƙe ta hanyar tsarin sadarwa na dijital na Sony na musamman wanda ke watsa hotuna masu ƙarfi ta layukan tarho. An kafa wannan tsarin a manyan cibiyoyin ƙira na duniya da yawa ta Hardy don haka masu zanen IBM za su iya sadarwa da kyau sosai kuma suyi hulɗa kai tsaye tare da Sapper don shawara kan ayyukan su. [14][15] [16] Don jagorancin jagorancin ƙirar ƙirar sa yayin haɓaka ThinkPad, Hardy ya kasance mai suna "mai kirkirar shekarar 1992" ta PC Magazine.[17]

Kwamfutar ThinkPad ta farko, na'urar da aka kafa ta PenPoint wanda aka fi sani da IBM 2521 ThinkPad, an sanya shi azaman sakin mai haɓakawa. Kwamfutar ta ThinkPad ta samu samuwa ga jama'a a cikin watan Oktoba na wannan shekarar. [ana buƙatar hujja]

IBM ya sayar da ThinkPad ta hanyar kirkira, ta hanyoyi kamar shirye-shiryen matukin jirgi na farko, sanarwa da yawa na gabatarwa, da kuma shirin mai ba da lamuni mai yawa wanda aka ƙera don nuna ƙarfi da raunin samfur ɗin, gami da ba da mashin ga masanan binciken ƙasa da ke haƙa tsohon garin Masar na Leontopolis . Rahoton da aka samu ya nuna kyakkyawan aikin da ThinkPad ya yi a ƙarƙashin mawuyacin yanayi; "ThinkPad inji ne mai kayatarwa, mai kauri wanda za a iya amfani dashi ba tare da kulawa ta musamman ba a cikin mafi munin yanayi da Masar zata bayar." [9]

ThinkPads na farko sun yi nasara sosai, sun tattara lambobin yabo sama da 300 don ƙira da inganci.[18][19][20]

Duba kumaGyara

  • Littafin tunani
  • IBM/Lenovo ThinkCentre da ThinkStation kwamfyutoci
  • Jerin samfuran IBM
  • HP EliteBook
  • Dell Latitude da daidaici
  • Littafin Rayuwa na Fujitsu da Celsius

Hanyoyin wajeGyara

    • Official website
    • ThinkPad models on ThinkWiki
    • Withdrawn models Specs Books
    • Schofield, Jack (9 May 2014). "Which ThinkPad laptops have the best keyboards?". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2018.

ManazartaGyara

  1. "Richard Sapper and Lenovo ThinkPad X300". YouTube - Lenovo Channel. 2008-02-26.
  2. "IBM ThinkPads in space". IBM Archives. IBM. 23 January 2003.
  3. Ohnesorge, Lauren. "Meet the 'father of the ThinkPad' laptop". Triangle Business Journal. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  4. "'Father of the ThinkPad', Arimasa Naitoh, on the notebook's past, present and future". arnnet.com.au.
  5. Dignan, Larry. "Lenovo's ThinkPad turns 25: Here are 25 facts to know – ZDNet". zdnet.com.
  6. "How the ThinkPad Changed the World—and Is Shaping the Future". skyhorsepublishing.com.
  7. "Lenovo's ThinkPad doyen Arimasa Naitoh speaks about life, liberty and the T400s". engadget.com.
  8. "The History of the ThinkPad Name".
  9. 9.0 9.1 Hamm, Steve (2008).
  10. 10.0 10.1 "IBM Highlights, 1990 -1995" (PDF). IBM. December 2001. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
  11. Thinkpads.com, "How did the ThinkPad get its name?" (title appears //www.thinkpads.com/start.htm here).
  12. "25 Years of the ThinkPad: 10 Facts Not too Many Know - TechPP".
  13. https://twitter.com/LenovoNews/status/674237494758522880/photo/1
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Sakakibara, K., "IBM ThinkPad 700C Notebook Computer Case", Centre for Design Management – London Business School, 1994.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Hardy, Tom (1998). "Design Saves The Brand". Innovation. Academia.edu.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Dell, D.; Purdy, G., ThinkPad: A Different Shade of Blue.
  17. "25 Years of PC Magazine: Year Eleven/1992". PC Magazine.
  18. "IBM Archives: 1992". IBM. 23 January 2003. Retrieved 12 May 2008.
  19. "ThinkPad turns 20: how IBM's 'black box' defined the laptop industry". 5 October 2012.
  20. "Notebooks May Hold Key to I.B.M.'s Revival". The New York Times. 23 June 1993.