Saint-Petersburg — tarayya birnin Rasha, da Gudanarwa cibiyar Arewa-West Tarayya District da Birnin Leningrad, yankin.

Globe icon.svgSaint-Petersburg
Санкт-Петербург (ru)
Flag of Saint Petersburg (en) Coat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (en)
Flag of Saint Petersburg (en) Fassara Coat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (en) Fassara
SPB Collage 2014-5.png

Take Anthem of Saint Petersburg (en) Fassara

Laƙabi Питер da Piter
Suna saboda 1 Bitrus
Wuri
Saint Petersburg in Russia (detail, special marker).png
 59°57′N 30°19′E / 59.95°N 30.32°E / 59.95; 30.32
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaRasha
Babban birnin
Leningrad Oblast (en) Fassara (1927–)
Northwestern Federal District (en) Fassara (2000–)
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 5,351,935 (2018)
• Yawan mutane 3,719.2 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Northwestern Federal District (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 1,439 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Neva (en) Fassara, Gulf of Finland (en) Fassara, Griboyedov Canal (en) Fassara, Obvodny Canal (en) Fassara, Okhta (en) Fassara, Bolshaya Nevka (en) Fassara, Ekateringofka (en) Fassara, Kronverksky Strait (en) Fassara, Krjukov Canal (en) Fassara, Malaya Neva (en) Fassara, Bolshaya Neva River (en) Fassara, Slavyanka (en) Fassara, Krestovka (en) Fassara, Okkervil (en) Fassara, Fontanka River (en) Fassara, Moyka River (en) Fassara da Srednyaya Nevka (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 3 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Leningrad (en) Fassara
Wanda ya samar Peter the Great (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 27 Mayu 1703
Muhimman sha'ani
Tsarin Siyasa
Gangar majalisa Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg (en) Fassara
• Governor of Saint Petersburg (en) Fassara Alexander Beglov (en) Fassara (2018)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 199406 da 190000
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 812
Lamba ta ISO 3166-2 RU-SPE
OKTMO ID (en) Fassara 40000000
OKATO ID (en) Fassara 40000000000
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo gov.spb.ru

DSCN0662 - panoramio

Located in arewa maso yamma na Rasha Federation, a kan bakin tekun na Gulf of Finland a bakin Neva River.

A 1712-1918 shekaru - babban birnin kasar Rasha a jihar. [7] A cikin birnin akwai abubuwa uku juyin juya halin na 1905-1907, da Fabrairu bourgeois-mulkin demokraɗiyya juyin juya halin na 1917, da Oktoba Socialist juyin juya halin na 1917. A lokacin girma Patriotic War na 1941-1945, birnin game da 900 a cikin kwanaki blockade, wanda ke haifar da har zuwa 1.5 mutane miliyan mutu a dalilin matsananciyar yunwa. St. Petersburg na da take Hero City (1965). An hada da uku "Shina soja Tsarki ya tabbata": Kronstadt, Kolpino, Lomonosov.

YawanGyara

Yawan - 5.131.942 mutane .. St. Petersburg - shi ne northernmost birnin a duniya tare da yawan kan daya mutane miliyan. Daga cikin birane cikakken a Turai, St. Petersburg ne na uku mafi yawan, kuma na farko a yawan mazauna birnin ba a babban birnin kasar.

ɓangaren daGyara

St. Petersburg is located in arewa maso yamma na Rasha Federation a cikin Neva lowland. Cibiyar kula: 59 ° 57 's. w. 30 ° 19 '. d. (G) (Ya ku). Occupying m zuwa bakin Neva River Neva Bay bakin tekun na Gulf of Finland da yawa tsibirin na Neva Delta, birnin stretches daga arewa maso yamma zuwa kudu maso gabas ga 90 km. Tsawo saman teku matakin birnin da yankin: cibiyar - 1-5 m arewa - 5-30 m, kudu da kudu maso yammacin - 5-22 m. A mafi girman aya a cikin birnin - Duderhof Heights a cikin Red kauyen da a kalla tsawo na 176 m. birnin shi ne sifili lamba daga cikin tunani tsarin Heights da kuma zurfin, a matsayin mai bauta wa tunani nufi ga leveling cibiyoyin sadarwa da dama jihohi. Kowane lokaci su ne St. Petersburg - UTC + 3 (Moscow lokaci).

sauyin yanayiGyara

Sauyin yanayi Petersburg - temperate, tsaka daga temperate nahiyar ga moderately Sea. Irin wannan sauyin yanayi ta tabbata ga Gwargwadon wuri da kuma na yanayi wurare dabam dabam halayyar da Birnin Leningrad, yankin. Wannan shi ne saboda mun gwada da kananan adadin shigar da ƙasã a ta surface da hasken rana zafi a cikin yanayi.

 
Gadar Strelka a Saint-Petersburg

kaiGyara

St. Petersburg - most kai cibiya na arewa maso yammacin Rasha da kuma na biyu a kasar bayan Moscow. Yana hada da hanyar jirgin kasa, teku da kogin kai, hanyoyi da kuma kamfanonin jiragen sama. Ratsa birnin: da biyu Eurasian kai koridonr "North-Kudu" da "Transsiberian" kwanon rufi-Turai kai hanyan wucewa lamba 9, Turai babbar hanya E-18, a haɗa Scandinavia da tsakiyar Rasha. A shekarar 2010, da kai na St. Petersburg koma ya kaya: Train - 101 ton miliyan, bututun - 85 ton miliyan, teku - 9 ton miliyan ta hanya (ba tare da kananan kasuwanci) - 4 ton miliyan, m - 1.2 ton miliyan.

Don rage workload na birane hanyõyi wucewa kai gina Saint Petersburg Zobe Road (Kad). Babban hanya cudanya St. Petersburg zuwa wasu yankuna ne (kewaye iri na agogo daga Gulf of Finland): Seaside Babbar Hanya, Vyborg babbar hanya Priozerskoe babbar hanya St. Petersburg - Maurier, Murmansk babbar hanya, babbar hanya Petrozavodsk, Moscow babbar hanya, babbar hanya Pulkovskoe-Kiev babbar hanya , Tallinn babbar hanya, Peterhof babbar hanya.