Maryam Rajavi (Persian , née Qajar-Azodanlu, Persian) ta kasance shugabar ƙungiyar Mujahedin ta Iran (MEK), kungiyar tayi ƙoƙarin kifar da gwamnatin Iran da kuma zaɓaɓɓen shugaban ƙasa na National Council of Resistance Iran (NCRI). Ta auri Massoud Rajavi, wanda shi ne mataimakin shugaban kungiyar ta MEK.[7]

Maryam Rajavi
NCRI President-elect Maryam Rajavi -Villepinte June 2012.jpg
Rajavi in a conference in Paris, France, in June 2012
Haihuwa Maryam Qajar-Azodanlu
(1953-12-04) 4 Disamba 1953 (shekaru 69)
Tehran, Imperial State of Iran
Organization People's Mujahedin of Iran
Uwar gida(s)
(m. 1980; div. 1985)
[1]
(m. 1985)
[1]
Yara 1 daughter[2]
Template:Collapsed infobox section begin
Template:Collapsed infobox section end

Kuruciya da KaratuGyara

An haifi Rajavi Maryam Qajar-Azodanlu ne a ranar 4 ga watan Disamban shekara ta 1953 a Tehran, Iran . [8] Tana cikin dangin masu karamin karfi wadanda suka fito daga zuriyar Qajar . [9] Ta halarci Jami'ar Fasaha ta Sharif a Iran, inda ta samu BS a fannin karafa .[8]

Harkar SiyasaGyara

 
Maryam Rajavi a wajen taron Iran kyauta a 2018

Rajavi ta bayyana cewa gwagwarmayar siyasarta ta fara ne tun tana 'yar shekara ashirin da biyu bayan da SAVAK ta kashe' yar uwarta Narges. [9] Sannan ta zama memba na Mojahedin na Iran (PMOI / MEK), kuma ta fara harkar siyasa. Rajavi ya yi aiki a matsayin mataimakin kwamanda kuma Babban Sakataren MEK har zuwa 1993. A ranar 22 ga watan Oktoban 1993, NCRI ta zabi Rajavi ya zama "Shugaban rikon kwarya na Iran" idan NCRI za ta karbi ragamar mulki a Iran.[10]

Rajavi tayi aiki a matsayin mai tsara kungiyar gwagwarmayar adawa da Shah a cikin 1970s. A cikin 1979, ta zama jami'in ɓangaren zamantakewar jama'a na PMOI / MEK, inda ta yi aiki har zuwa 1981. Rajavi ya kasance dan takarar majalisar dokoki a 1980.[8]

A cikin 1982, an canza Rajavi zuwa Auvers-sur-Oise, Île-de-France inda hedkwatar siyasa ta Mojahedin take.[8]

A 1985, ta zama Shugabar hadin gwiwa ta PMOI kuma tayi aiki a matsayin Sakatare Janar a tsakanin 1989 da 1993.[11]

A cikin wata sanarwa da ta yi Allah wadai da harin da kungiyar ISIS ta kai wa majalisar dokokin Iran da kuma kabarin wanda ya assasa Jamhuriyar Musulunci ta Iran, Rajavi ya ce: "Halin da kungiyar ta ISIS take a bayyane yana amfanar da Jagoran gwamnatin Iran Khamenei, wanda da dukkan zuciyarsa ya yi maraba da shi a matsayin wata dama don shawo kan matsalar gwamnatinsa a yankin da kuma na duniya. da kebewa. Wanda ya kirkiro kungiyar kuma mai daukar nauyi na farko a jihar yana kokarin sauya wurin wanda ya yi kisan kai da wanda aka kashe da kuma nuna babban bankin ta'addanci a matsayin wanda aka zalunta. ” [12]

Wani shiri mai ma'ana 10 wanda Rajavi ya wallafa ya tsara wani shiri na sauya Iran. Ta bayyana alƙawarin da ta yi game da Sanarwar Duniya game da 'Yancin Dan Adam da sauran kayan aiki na duniya. Ta yi kira da a soke hukuncin kisa, kirkirar tsarin shari’a na zamani da kuma samun ‘yancin alkalai. Rajavi zai kawo karshen kudaden da Tehran ke baiwa Hamas, Hezbollah da sauran kungiyoyin gwagwarmaya kuma tana da kudurin zama tare cikin lumana, huldar da dukkan kasashe da mutunta Yarjejeniyar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya . [13] Bayanin ya kunshi bayanin cewa "Mun amince da kadarorin masu zaman kansu, saka hannun jari da tattalin arzikin kasuwa."[14] A watan Yunin 2020, akasarin mambobin Majalisar Wakilan Amurka sun goyi bayan "kudurin bangare biyu" da ke goyon bayan Rajavi da kuma "kira ga Iran mai bin tsarin dimokiradiyya" na NCRI yayin da "suka la'anci ta'addanci da kasar Iran ta dauki nauyi . Kudurin wanda ya samu goyon bayan ‘yan majalisa 221 (ciki har da Louie Gohmert da Sheila Jackson Lee ), ya ba da goyon baya ga matakai 10 na Rajavi game da makomar Iran (wadanda suka hada da“ ‘yancin kada kuri’a na duniya, tattalin arzikin kasuwa, da Iran din da ba ta nukiliya ba”) yana mai yin kira ga rigakafin "munanan ayyukan jami'an diflomasiyyar gwamnatin Iran."[15][16]

Rajavi ta gabatar da shirinta a Majalisar Turai a 2006, wanda ke tallafawa cikakken daidaito tsakanin mata da siyasa da zamantakewar al'umma, musamman, sadaukar da kai ga shigar mata daidai a cikin jagorancin siyasa. Shirye-shiryenta guda 10 kan makomar Iran ta tanadi cewa za a soke duk wani nau'i na nuna wariya ga mata kuma mata za su ji da 'yancin zabar tufafinsu kyauta. Hakanan ya haɗa da ƙarewar azaba da taƙama. [17]

A watan Oktoba na shekarar 2011, Theresa May ta hana Rajavi zuwa Biritaniya a wata tafiya inda za ta "yi bayanin yadda ake cin zarafin mata a Iran". Daga nan sai babbar kotu ta shigar da karar Theresa May, tare da Lord Carlile na Berriew (tsohon mai nazarin gwamnati mai zaman kansa game da dokokin yaki da ta'addanci) yana mai cewa za a iya daukar hukuncin na May "a matsayin wanda zai gamsar da Mullahs"[18][19] A cikin 2014, Kotun Koli ta Burtaniya ta yi watsi da daukaka kara daga Lord Carlile na Berriew QC da sauransu kuma ta goyi bayanta don ci gaba da haramcin, wanda aka fara aiwatarwa a shekarar 1997. Membobin Majalisar Iyayen Burtaniya sun yi iƙirarin cewa Sakataren Cikin Gida yana "keta doka ta 10 ('yancin faɗar albarkacin baki) na Yarjejeniyar Turai na' Yancin Dan Adam (Yarjejeniyar)", suna cewa "dalilan Sakataren cikin gida ba su da wata ma'ana ta doka, saboda sun dogara da tasirin da wata ƙasa za ta yi wanda bai yi daidai da ƙa'idodin da ke cikin Yarjejeniyar ba. "[20][21] Ba a cire Rajavi daga kowace ƙasar Turai ba kuma yana hulɗa tare da 'yan majalisa a Majalisar Tarayyar Turai a kai a kai.[22]

Maryam Rajavi ta hadu a bainar jama'a tare da Shugaban Kasar Falasdinu Mahmud Abbas a ranar 30 ga watan Yulin 2016 a birnin Paris na Faransa.[23]

A watan Afrilun 2021, Maryam Rajavi ta amince da kudurin HR 118, wanda ke nuna “goyon baya ga muradin mutanen Iran game da jamhuriya ta demokradiyya” kuma “ta yi Allah wadai da take hakkin dan Adam da ta’addancin da gwamnati ke daukar nauyinta”[24][25]

Tarihin ZaɓeGyara

Shekara Zabe (Yankin) Kuri'u % Matsayi Sakamakon Ref
1980 Majalisar (Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat) 221,831 10.4 Na 67 Rasa

GwajiGyara

FaransaGyara

A ranar 17 ga watan Yuni 2003, Rajavi ya kama 'yan sanda na Paris tare da wasu mambobin MEK 150.[26][27] An binciketa ita da wasu mutane 23 kan zargin alaka da ta'addanci. [28] Rajavi ya musanta tuhumar, yana mai cewa "an shigar da karar ne domin a farantawa Iran rai." [29] Daga baya aka dakatar da duk tuhumar.[30][31][32]

IraqGyara

A watan Yulin 2010, Babbar Kotun Iraki ta ba da sammacin kame mambobi 39 na kungiyar ta MEK, ciki har da Rajavi, "saboda shaidar da ke tabbatar da cewa sun aikata laifukan cin zarafin bil'adama " ta hanyar "hada hannu da tsoffin jami'an tsaron Iraki wajen murkushe boren 1991 na tsohuwar Iraqi. tsarin mulki da kisan 'yan kasar Iraki ". Kungiyar ta MEK ta musanta tuhumar, tana mai cewa "wata shawara ce ta siyasa kuma ita ce kyauta ta karshe da gwamnatin Nuri al-Maliki ta gabatar ga gwamnatin Iran"[32]

LittattafaiGyara

  • Babbar Maris zuwa Yanci[33]
  • A'a ga Addinin Tilas, Babu Bautar Tilas ga Gwamnatin [34]
  • Mata, Musulunci da Tsarin Addini [35]
  • Iran Zata Samu 'Yanci[36]
  • Mabuɗi don magance akidar Islama[37]

Duba kumaGyara

  • Jerin matan Iran
  • Jerin mutanen daga Tehran
  • Faransa –Iran alaƙar

 

MahaɗaGyara

Party political offices
Magabata
{{{before}}}
Co-leader of People's Mujahedin of Iran Incumbent
Vacant President-elect of the National Council of Resistance of Iran
Magabata
{{{before}}}
Secretay-General of People's Mujahedin of Iran Magaji
{{{after}}}
New title Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the People's Mujahedin of Iran military wing Vacant

ManazartaGyara

  1. 1.0 1.1 Connie Bruck (2006). "Exiles: How Iran's expatriates are gaming the nuclear threat". The New Yorker. F-R Publishing Corporation. 82 (1–11): 54–55. This transition was epitomized by Rajavi's involvement, in 1985, with Maryam Azodanlu. Maryam was already married, to Mehdi Abrishamchi, one of Rajavi's close associates. Rajavi overcame that fact by making the romance a matter of revolutionary necessity. First, he said that he was making Maryam his co-leader-and that it would transform thinking about the role of women throughout the Muslim world. Then, about a month later, it was announced that Maryam was divorced from Abrishamchi and that the two co-leaders would marry, in order to further the "ideological revolution."
  2. Geyer, Georgie Anne (26 August 1996), Iranian Exiles Have A Committed Leader In Maryam Rajavi, Chicago Tribune, retrieved 20 January 2020
  3. Kenneth Katzman (2001). "Iran: The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran". In Albert V. Benliot (ed.). Iran: Outlaw, Outcast, Or Normal Country?. Nova Publishers. p. 97. ISBN 1560729546.
  4. Kian Parsa (July 2008) [Tir 1387]. "شورای ملی مقاومت، بنیصدر و رجوی، از ائتلاف تا جدایی". Shahrvand Magazine (in Farisa) (52). Archived from the original on 3 October 2013.
  5. Steven O'Hern (2012). Iran's Revolutionary Guard: The Threat That Grows While America Sleeps. Potomac Books, Inc. p. 208. ISBN 978-1597977012.
  6. Stephen Sloan; Sean K. Anderson (2009). Historical Dictionary of Terrorism. Historical Dictionaries of War, Revolution, and Civil Unrest (3 ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 454. ISBN 978-0810863118.
  7. "Profile: Maryam Rajavi". BBC News. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Sleeman, Elizabeth (2001), "RAJAVI, Maryam", The International Who's Who of Women 2002, Psychology Press, p. 464, ISBN 9781857431223
  9. 9.0 9.1 Smith, Craig S. (24 September 2005). "Exiled Iranians Try to Foment Revolution From France". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  10. Katzman, Kenneth (2001). "Iran: The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran". In Benliot, Albert V. (ed.). Iran: Outlaw, Outcast, Or Normal Country?. Nova. p. 97-98. ISBN 978-1-56072-954-9.
  11. Cohen, Ronen (2009), The Rise and Fall of the Mojahedin Khalq, 1987–1997: Their Survival After the Islamic Revolution and Resistance to the Islamic Republic of Iran, Sussex Academic Press, p. 12, ISBN 978-1-84519-270-9
  12. Just because ISIS attacked Iran doesn't mean Iran isn't supporting terrorism. 12 June 2017.
  13. Iran: Human Rights Debate in the UK House of Lords, House of Lord Hansard, 8 December 2016 File:UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0.
  14. "Maryam Rajavi".
  15. "Majority of House members back resolution supporting Iranian opposition, condemning regime's terror".
  16. "'The world is watching': Lawmakers tout bipartisan resolution condemning Iran".
  17. Human Rights in Iran, Debate in the UK House of Commons, House of Commons Hansard, 28 June 2016 File:UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0.
  18. Muhanad Mohammed. "Iraqi court seeks arrest of Iranian exiles". The Times. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  19. Muhanad Mohammed. "Iraqi court seeks arrest of Iranian exiles". The Times. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  20. Barakatt, Marina (25 November 2014). "U.K. Supreme Court Upholds Home Secretary's Decision to Prevent an Iranian Politician from Entering the U.K. (November 12, 2014)". The American Society of International Law. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  21. "R (on the application of Lord Carlile of Berriew QC and others) (Appellants) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent) [2014] UKSC 60" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  22. "Parliamentarians lose Maryam Rajavi court battle". Hillingdon & Uxbridge Times. Hillingdon & Uxbridge Times. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  23. Marian Houk (9 August 2016). "Why Abbas-MEK meeting made waves everywhere but Palestine". Al-Monitor. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  24. "Congressional leaders urge Biden to take tough stand on Iran". Arab News.
  25. "Lawmakers urge Biden to push Iranian regime on rights abuses, amid bipartisan support for resolution". Fox News.
  26. Paris police target Iranian groups, BBC, 17 June 2003, retrieved 28 December 2016
  27. Rajavi released on bail, Al Jazeera, 4 July 2003
  28. France drops case against Iranian dissidents after 11-year probe, Reuters, 17 September 2014
  29. France drops charges against Iran opposition group, Fox News
  30. Jolly, David (12 May 2011), "France Will Drop Charges Against Iranian Dissidents", The New York Times
  31. France drops case against Iranian dissidents after 11-year probe, Reuters, 17 September 2014
  32. 32.0 32.1 France Drops Case Against Iranian Dissidents, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 17 September 2014
  33. Rajavi, Maryam (2020-03-20). Great March Towards Freedom: Maryam Rajavi's Messages and Speeches to the Annual Gatherings of Iranian Resistance at Ashraf 3 - Albania July 2019 (in Turanci). National Council of Resistance of Iran. ISBN 978-2-491615-01-7.
  34. "No to Compulsory Veil: No to Compulsory Religion, No to Compulsory Government". NCRI (in Turanci). 2017-10-16. Retrieved 2020-12-03.
  35. Maryam Rajavi. Women, Islam & Fundamentalism (pdf) (in Turanci). Paris.
  36. Rajavī, Maryam (2018-09-18). Iran Will Be Free: Speech by Maryam Rajavi (in Turanci). NCRI-US. ISBN 978-1-944942-21-2.
  37. "Key to Countering Islamic Fundamentalism". NCRI (in Turanci). 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2020-12-03.


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