Machu Picchu wani gari ne na mutanen Inca ne na farko a Columbia tun a ƙarni na 15 a cikin ƙasar Peru, a Kudancin Amurka.

Globe icon.svgMachu Picchu
Machu Picchu, Peru.jpg

Wuri
 13°09′47″S 72°32′44″W / 13.163055555556°S 72.545555555556°W / -13.163055555556; -72.545555555556
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaPeru
Region of Peru (en) FassaraCusco Departament (en) Fassara
Province of Peru (en) FassaraUrubamba Province (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 2,430 m
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira <abbr title="Circa (en) Fassara">c. 1450
Rushewa 1572 (Gregorian)
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo machupicchu.gob.pe

Incawa sun gina garin a kan tsaunin dutse, mita 2430 sama da matakin teku. Sun zauna a can tsakanin 1200 da 1450 AD. Sauran mutane sun zauna a can kafin kusan 650 AD.

Incawa sun gina gidaje, filaye da wuraren bautar gumaka ta hanyar sare dutsen a kan dutsen don haka ya zama shimfiɗa. Sun gina Oan kallo don kallon taurari.

Lokacin da Mutanen Espanya suka mamaye Peru, Incas sun bar Machu Picchu. Babu wanda ya san takamaiman dalilin da yasa suka aikata hakan, amma wasu suna ganin saboda cututtuka ne daga Turai. An bar garin ba tare da an gama shi ba, watakila saboda mamayar Spain da / ko yaƙin basasa tsakanin 'yan uwan ​​Inca masu mulki masu suna Huascar da Atahualpa. Mutanen Spain ba su sami Machu Picchu ko ɓataccen birni ba yayin mamaye su.

(Machu Picchu yana da matukar wahalar zuwa saboda yana da tsayi sosai a kan duwatsu. Yana da hanya daya tak da kuma bangon dutse don kare shi. Mafi yawan mutane a Duniya basu san cewa tana wurin ba har sai da wani dalibin Yale mai suna Hiram Bingham ya gano shi. shi a 1911). Ya ji jita-jita game da wani ɓoyayyen gari wanda tuni 'yan asalin ƙasar ta Peru sun san shi, waɗanda suka jagorance shi zuwa can. Ya jagoranci aikin sabuntawa wanda Geoungiyar National Geographic Society ta ba da kuɗin sashi. Bingham ya yi yarjejeniya da gwamnati don kai kayan tarihi zuwa Gidan Tarihi na Peabody don nazari. Peru har yanzu tana kokarin mayar da wadannan kayayyakin tarihin.

(An ayyana Machu Picchu a matsayin Tsattsarkan Tarihi na Peru a 1981 da kuma UNESCO World Heritage Site a 1983. A 2007, Machu Picchu an zabe shi ɗayan Sabbin Abubuwa bakwai na Duniya a cikin zaɓin Intanet na duniya).

(A yau, akwai wata sabuwar hanya don masu yawon buɗe ido za su iya ziyarta. Mutane na iya tafiya tare da Inca Trail, ko ɗaukar jirgin ƙasa daga Cusco.)

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