Hoton kayan ado ne, fassarar ko bayanin gani na rubutu, ra'ayi ko tsari, [1] an tsara shi don haɗawa da bugawa a kafofin watsa labarai na dijital da aka buga, irin su fosta, foda, mujallu, littattafai, kayan koyarwa, rayarwa, wasanni na bidiyo da fina-finai. Ana amfani da zane-zane na dijital sau da yawa don sawa a gidajen yanar gizo da ƙa'idodi sun fi dacewa da masu amfani, kamar amfani da emojis don rakiyar nau'in dijital. Misali kuma yana nufin bayar da misali; ko dai a rubuce ko a sigar hoto.

Illustration
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Hoto da visual artwork (en) Fassara
Nau'in illustrative arts (en) Fassara
Gudanarwan illustrator (en) Fassara
Amfani wajen picture book (en) Fassara
Entry in abbreviations table (en) Fassara ил.
Misali na Jessie Willcox Smith (1863-1935)

Asalin kalmar "misalin" a Ingilishi ne (a ma'anar 'haske; haske na ruhaniya ko na hankali'): ta old french daga misalin Latin (n-), daga fi'ili misali.

Illustration styles Gyara

 
"Illustration ya doke bayanin" Western Engraving & Colortype Co. (1916)
 
Farin Rabbit daga Alice a Wonderland, wanda John Tenniel ya kwatanta (1820-1914)

Misali na zamani yana amfani da salo da dabaru iri-iri, gami da zane, zanen, bugawa, haɗin gwiwa, montage, ƙirar dijital, multimedia, ƙirar ƙirar 3D. Dangane da manufar, kwatanci na iya zama mai bayyanawa, mai salo, na gaske ko fasaha sosai.

Wuraren ƙwararru sun haɗa da:

  • Misalin gine-gine
  • Misalin archaeological
  • Misalin littafi
  • Misalin Botanical
  • Ma'anar fasaha
  • Misalin salon
  • Bayani graphics
  • Livre da art
  • Misalin fasaha
  • Misalin likitanci
  • Misalin labari
  • Littattafan hoto
  • Misali na kimiyya

Misalin fasaha da kimiyya Gyara

 
Jadawalin kallon fashe na famfon gear (c 2007)
 
Zane na Cutaway na Nash 600, motar Amurka ce ta 1940s (1942)
 
Misalai na kwari iri-iri, wanda J. Tastu ya zana a 1833

Misali na fasaha da kimiyya yana sadar da bayanai na fasaha ko yanayin kimiyya. Wannan na iya haɗawa da ra'ayoyi, cutways, fly-throughs, sake ginawa, koyarwar hotuna, sassa, zane-zane. Manufar ita ce "haɓaka hotuna masu bayyanawa waɗanda ke isar da wasu bayanai yadda ya kamata ta hanyar gani ga ɗan adam". [2]

Misali na fasaha da na kimiyya gabaɗaya an tsara shi ne don bayyana ko bayyana batutuwa ga masu sauraro marasa fasaha, don haka dole ne ya samar da "hangen gaba ɗaya na abin da abu yake ko yake yi, don haɓaka sha'awar mai kallo da fahimtarsa".

A cikin aikin zane na zamani, 2D da software na 3D galibi ana amfani da su don ƙirƙirar ingantattun wakilci waɗanda za'a iya sabunta su cikin sauƙi, kuma a sake amfani da su a cikin yanayi iri-iri.

Akwai Guild na Masu zane-zanen Kimiyyar Halitta da Ƙungiyar Masu zane-zane na Likitanci. Kungiyar masu zane-zanen likitancinci ta bayyana cewa matsakaicin albashi shine $70,650, yayin da masu zane-zanen kimiyya $72,277. Nau'o'in ayyuka sun bambanta daga cibiyoyin bincike zuwa gidajen tarihi.

Manazarta Gyara

  1. cf. the freely available international Database of Scientific Illustrators 1450-1950 with 20 search fields and nearly 7000 entries of illustrators in science, medicine & technology active prior to 1950
  2. Ivan Viola and Meister E. Gröller (2005). "Smart Visibility in Visualization". In: Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualization and Imaging. L. Neumann et al. (Ed.)